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Glossary of SAT 1 Vocab: P (Pacify - Profound)

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pacify
to calm down
pact
an agreement
paean
a song of praise
palatable
pleasant to the taste
palatial
magnificent
paleontology
the study of prehistoric life
pall
something that covers or conceals (noun); to become wearisome or unpleasant (verb)
palliate
to ease; to lessen
pallid
pale; dull
palpable
obvious; capable of being touched or felt
palpitate
to beat rapidly; to tremble
palsy
muscle paralysis
paltry
trivial; worthless
panacea
a cure-all; an answer for all problems
panache
self-confidence; a showy manner
pandemic
general; widespread
pandemonium
wild disorder; confusion
panegyric
an expression of praise
pang
a sharp pain
panoply
a suit of armor; any protective covering
panorama
unlimited view; comprehensive survey
parable
a simple story giving a moral lesson
paradigm
a model; an example
paradox
a statement that seems contradictory, but is probably true
paragon
a model of excellence or perfection
parameter
limits; a boundary
paramount
chief; supreme
paranoia
a mental disorder characterized by a feeling of being persecuted
paraphernalia
personal belongings; equipment
paraphrase
to reword; to restate
parched
dried up; extremely thirsty
pariah
an outcast
parity
equality; similarity
parley
discussion; conference
parlous
dangerous
parochial
narrow; limited; local
parody
a work which imitates another in a ridiculous manner
paroxysm
a sudden outburst; a fit
parrot
to repeat or imitate without understanding
parry
to avoid something such as a thrust or blow
parsimonious
stingy; miserly
partisan
a strong supporter of a cause
passé
old fashioned; out-of-date
passive
submissive; unresisting
pastoral
pertaining to the countryside; rural
patent
a government protection for an inventor (noun); evident or obvious (adjective)
paternal
fatherly
pathogenic
causing disease
pathos
pity; deep feeling
patriarch
an early Biblical person regarded as one of the fathers of the human race
patrician
aristocratic
patrimony
heritage; inherited right
patronage
the control of power to make appointments to government jobs
patronize
to be a customer; to talk down to
paucity
scarcity; lack
peccadillo
a minor offense
pectoral
pertaining to the chest
peculate
to steal; to embezzle
pecuniary
pertaining to money
pedagogue
a schoolteacher
pedantic
tending to show off one's learning
pedigree
a record of ancestors; a line of descent
peer
to look closely (verb); an equal (noun)
peerless
without equal; unmatched
peevish
hard to please; irritable
pejorative
having a negative effect; insulting
pellucid
transparent; clear
pelt
the skin of a fur-bearing animal (noun); to throw things at (verb)
penal
pertaining to punishment
penchant
a strong liking for; an inclination
pendant
anything that hangs or is suspended
pensive
dreamily thoughtful
penury
extreme poverty
peon
a common worker
perceive
to observe
perceptible
observable; recognizable
perdition
hell; ruin; damnation
peregrinate
to travel from place to place
peremptory
decisive; final; not open to debate
perennial
lasting for a long time; perpetual
perfidious
unfaithful; deceitful; treacherous
perforce
of necessity
perfunctory
done without care; routine
perigee
the point nearest the earth
perilous
risky; dangerous
periphery
outside a boundary; the unimportant aspects of a subject
periphrastic
said in a roundabout way
perjury
making a false statement while under oath
permeate
to spread throughout
pernicious
deadly; destructive
peroration
the concluding part of a speech
perpetrate
to do something evil; to be guilty of
perpetuate
to cause to continue
perplexity
confusion
perquisite
something additional to regular pay
persevere
to endure; to continue
personification
giving human qualities to a non-human being
perspicacity
keenness of judgment
perspicuity
clearness, as of a statement
pert
bold; saucy
pertinent
relevant; to the point
perturb
to unsettle; to disturb
peruse
to read carefully
pervade
to pass through; to spread throughout
perverse
cranky; contrary
pervert
to corrupt; to lead astray
pessimist
one who sees the worst in everything
petrify
to paralyze; to turn to stone
petrology
the study of rocks
petty
unimportant; minor
petulant
irritable; rude
phalanx
a closely massed body of persons
phenomenon
an extraordinary person, thing, or event
philander
to engage in various love affairs
philanthropy
a desire to help mankind; generosity
philately
stamp collecting
philippic
a bitter verbal attack
philistine
uncultured; common
phlegmatic
unemotional; cool; not easily excited
phobia
an intense fear
phoenix
a bird symbolizing immortality
picaresque
pertaining to an adventurous wanderer
piddling
trifling; petty
piecemeal
bit by bit; gradually
pied
many-colored; variegated
piety
reverence; devotion
pigment
a dye; a coloring matter
pilgrimage
a journey to a holy place
pillage
to rob by violence
pillory
to expose to public ridicule or abuse
pinnacle
peak; the highest point
pious
religious
piquant
stimulating to the taste; exciting interest
pique
to irritate or annoy
piscine
of or like a fish
pitfall
unexpected difficulty; a trap
pithy
concise; to the point
pittance
a small share or amount
pivotal
central; crucial
placard
a small poster
placate
to soothe; to calm
placebo
a harmless, phony medicine; something said or done to sooth
placid
calm
plagiarism
claiming another's work to be one's own
plague
a contagious disease (noun); to torment or trouble (verb)
plaintive
sorrowful; sad
platitude
a dull or trite remark
platonic
spiritual; free from sensual desire
plaudit
applause; any plural form of expression of approval
plausible
apparently true, fair, or reasonable
plebeian
pertaining to a member of the lower classes
plenary
full; complete; absolute
plethora
an abundance
pliant
easy bent; adaptable
plight
a sad or dangerous situation
ploy
a gimmick; a trick
pluck
courage (noun); to pull at (verb)
plumb
to test; to measure
plunder
to rob; to take by force
plutocracy
rule by the wealthy class
poach
to trespass
podium
a platform
poignant
keenly distressing; affecting the emotions
polarize
to separate into opposing groups
polemic
a controversy or argument
politic
diplomatic; shrewd
poltroon
a coward
polychromatic
many-colored
polymorphic
having many forms
polytheism
a belief in many gods
pomp
a brilliant show or display
ponder
to think deeply; to consider carefully
ponderous
heavy; burdensome
porcine
of or like a pig
portable
capable of being carried
portal
a door; a gate; an entrance
portentous
a warning; a foreshadowing
portly
stout; large
posterity
future generations
posthumous
occurring after death
postulate
to assume without proof; to take for granted
potable
drinkable
potent
powerful; strong
potentate
ruler; monarch
potential
capacity for being or becoming something
potion
a drink
potpourri
a mixture
pragmatic
practical
prate
to talk extensively and pointlessly; to babble
precarious
uncertain; dangerous; risky
precedent
an act that may be used as an example in the future
precept
a rule of conduct
precipice
a cliff
precipitous
extremely steep
precipitate
to bring about an action suddenly
précis
a brief summary
preclude
to prevent; to shut out
precocious
prematurely developed
precursor
a forerunner; predecessor
predatory
living by plunder, exploitation, etc.
predicate
to declare; to assert
predilection
a liking; a preference; an inclination
predispose
to make susceptible
preeminent
standing out above all others
preen
to dress oneself carefully or smartly
prehensile
adapted for seizing or grasping something
prelude
an introduction
premeditate
to plan beforehand
premier
first in time or importance
premise
a statement from which a conclusion is drawn
premonition
a forewarning; a hunch
preponderance
superiority in quantity or power; dominance
preposterous
absurd; ridiculous
prerogative
a privilege or right
presage
to indicate or warn in advance
prescience
knowledge of things before they happen
presentiment
anticipation, especially of something evil
prestige
influence; importance
presumptuous
boldly assuming
pretentious
showy; putting on airs
preternatural
beyond natural; abnormal
pretext
a false reason or motive; an excuse
prevail
to succeed; to gain the advantage
prevaricate
to lie
prim
formal; proper
primary
first; chief
primeval
of the earliest ages or times
primogeniture
the state of being first born
primordial
first; original
primp
to dress up in a fussy way
prismatic
many-colored
pristine
uncorrupted; in its original state
privation
loss or lack of something essential
privy
(to) having knowledge of something private or secret
probe
to investigate; to examine
probity
honesty; integrity
proclivity
an inclination; a tendency
procrastinate
to postpone; to delay
procreate
to beget; to produce
procrustean
designed to get conformity at any cost
procure
to obtain; to secure
prod
to urge; to jab or poke
prodigal
wasteful
prodigious
enormous; vast
profane
showing disrespect for sacred things
profess
to acknowledge; to admit frankly
proffer
to offer
proficiency
skill; competency
profligate
shamelessly immoral; extremely wasteful
profound
very deep

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