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Glossary of SAT 1 Vocab: C (Cabal - Converse)

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cabal
a small, secret group
cache
a hiding place
cacophony
a harsh or unpleasant sound
cadaverous
corpse-like; ghastly; pale
cadence
rhythm; beat
caesura
pause
cajole
to coax; to persuade
calamitous
disastrous; causing trouble or misery
caliber
degree of worth
calligraphy
fancy handwriting
callous
unyielding; insensitive
callow
young and inexperienced
calumny
slander; a false accusation
camaraderie
friendship; loyalty
canard
a false story, report, or rumor
candor
honesty; openness; frankness
canine
pertaining to dogs
canny
shrewd
canon
rule; law; standard
cant
insincere statements usually made in a singsong tone
cantankerous
bad-tempered; quarrelsome
canter
a smooth, easy pace; gallop
canvass
to make a survey
capacious
spacious; roomy
capitulate
to surrender
capricious
impulsive; erratic
captious
hard to please; faultfinding
captivate
to capture; to charm; to fascinate
carapace
a shell; a hard, protective covering
carcinogenic
causing cancer
cardinal
chief; principal
careen
to swerve; to dip to one side
caricature
an exaggerated portrayal
carnage
slaughter; massacre
carnal
sensual; sexual
carnivorous
flesh-eating
carouse
to engage in a noisy, drunken party
carp
a type of fish (noun); to complain (verb)
carrion
decaying flesh
carte blanche
the freedom to use one's own judgment
cartel
association of business firms
cartographer
a map-maker
cascade
a waterfall
caste
social class
castigate
to punish
casualty
an accident; one who is hurt in an accident
cataclysm
a violent change
catacomb
an underground burial place
catalyst
a person or thing that speeds up a result
cataract
an abnormality of the eye; a large waterfall
catastrophe
disaster; calamity
cathartic
cleansing
catholic
universal; wide-ranging
caucus
a private meeting
caustic
sarcastic; severely critical; corrosive
cauterize
to burn
cavalcade
a procession; a sequence of events
cavalier
a haughty and casually indifferent person
caveat
a warning
cavil
to quibble; to argue
cavort
to leap about; to frolic
celerity
speed; swiftness
celestial
heavenly
celibate
unmarried
censure
to criticize sharply
centrifugal
moving away from the center
cerebration
thinking; using one's brain
certitude
sureness; certainty
cessation
a stopping; a discontinuance
chafe
to irritate; to annoy
chaff
worthless matter
chagrin
embarrassment; complete loss of courage
chameleon
a lizard able to change its skin color; a changeable or fickle person
champ
to bite impatiently (verb); to show impatience (to champ at the bit)
chaos
complete disorder
charisma
great appeal or attraction
charlatan
a fake; a quack
charnel
a cemetery; a tomb
chary
(of) cautious; careful
chasm
a wide gap
chaste
pure; virtuous
chastise
to punish; to purify
chattel
a slave; property
chauvinism
fanatical devotion to one's country, sex, religion, etc.
cherub
an angel; an innocent person
chic
stylish; fashionable
chicanery
trickery; deception
chide
to scold
chimerical
imaginary; fantastic; unreal
chirography
art of handwriting
chivalrous
courteous; courageous; loyal
choleric
easily angered
chronic
long-lasting
churlish
rude; ill-bred
cipher
a person or thing of no value; zero
circuitous
roundabout; indirect
circumlocution
a roundabout way of speaking
circumscribe
to encircle; to limit or confine
circumspect
cautious; careful
circumvent
to go around or bypass; to surround or entrap
citadel
a fortress
cite
to quote a passage, book, author, etc.; to refer to an example
civility
politeness
clairvoyant
having great insight; keenly perceptive
clamber
to climb with great effort or difficulty
clamor
noise
clangor
a harsh ringing sound
clarify
to make clear
clarion
clear and shrill
claustrophobia
fear of enclosed spaces
cleave
to cling or stick to; to split something apart
cleft
split or divided
clemency
mercy; leniency
cliché
a trite or worn out expression
clientele
customers
climax
the highest point
clime
climate; region
clique
a small, exclusive group
cloistered
secluded; confined
clout
(colloquial) power; influence
cloven
divided; split
coadjutor
assistant; helper
coalesce
to blend; to merge; to fuse
coddle
to treat tenderly
coerce
to force
coffer
a strongbox
cog
a gear tooth; a minor part
cogent
convincing
cogitate
to think; to consider carefully
cognate
related; relevant
cognizant
aware
cognomen
family name; last name
coherent
logically connected; consistent
cohesive
tending to stick
cohort
colleague; associate; partner
coincide
to occur simultaneously
collaborate
to work together; to cooperate
collage
a collection of various bits and pieces (usually artistic)
collate
to put together in order
collateral
security for payment of a loan
colloquial
informal
colloquy
conversation
collusion
conspiracy; agreement to commit a wrongful act
colossal
huge; enormous
combative
eager to fight; argumentative
combustible
capable of catching fire easily
comely
attractive
commemorative
honoring; remembering
commence
to begin
commendation
praise
commensurate
proportionate
commiserate
to express pity for
commodious
roomy; spacious
communal
shared; pertaining to a group of people
compact
firmly packed (adjective); a treaty (noun)
compassion
pity; sympathy
compatible
agreeable; harmonious
compel
to force
compendium
brief summary
compensatory
paying back; making up for
complacent
self-satisfied
complement (note spelling)
to make whole; to complete
compliant
yielding; submissive
complicity
partnership in a wrongful act
components
ingredients; elements
composure
calmness of mind or manner
compulsory
required
compunction
uneasiness; remorse
compute
to calculate; to estimate
concave
hollow; curved inward
concede
to admit; to grant
concentrate
to think deeply; to increase in strength or degree
concentric
having a common center
conception
a beginning; an original plan or idea
concession
the act of yielding; an allowance
conciliate
to sooth the anger of; to win over
concise
brief and to the point
conclave
a secret meeting
concoct
to invent; to devise
concomitant
accompanying; attending
concord
harmony; agreement
concourse
a crowd; a wide street
concur
to agree
condescend
to lower oneself to an inferior's level
condign
deserved; suitable
condiment
spices; seasoning
condolence
an expression of sorrow
condone
to excuse; to overlook
conducive
leading to or tending to
conduit
a pipe or tube through which fluid or electricity passes
confidant
a close, trusted friend
configuration
an arrangement; shape
confiscate
to seize by way of penalty
conflagration
a large and destructive fire
confluent
merging; flowing together
conformity
agreement; doing the same as others
confounded
confused; amazed
congeal
to thicken; to freeze solid
congenial
friendly; agreeable
congenital
existing at birth
conglomerate
a cluster; a mass; a corporation
congregate
to gather; to assemble
congruent
in agreement
coniferous
bearing cones (pertaining to trees)
conjecture
to guess
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
conjure
to call upon or to command a devil or spirit; to practice magic; to cast a spell on
connivance
to pretend ignorance of another's wrong-doing; conspiracy
connoisseur
an expert
connote
to suggest or imply
connubial
pertaining to marriage
consanguinity
a close relationship, usually by blood
consecrate
to make holy
consensus
general agreement, especially of opinion
console
a musical panel or unit (noun); to comfort (verb)
consolidate
to make or become solid; to combine
consonant
in harmony or agreement
consort
a husband or wife (noun); to associate or join (verb)
consternation
sudden confusion; panic
constituents
voters; supporters
constraints
restrictions; limits
constrict
to shrink; to bind
construe
to interpret; to analyze
consummate
to complete (verb); perfect (adjective)
contagious
likely to spread; infectious
contaminant
substance that pollutes or infects
contemn
to regard with scorn or contempt
contemporary
happening in the same time period; current
contemptuous
scornful
contentious
ready to argue; quarrelsome
contest
to compete (verb); to dispute (verb); a competitive game (noun)
contiguous
nearby; neighboring
contingent
possible
contort
to twist; to distort
contraband
smuggled or stolen goods
contrary
opposite
contravene
to oppose; to go against
contretemps
an embarrassing occurrence
contrite
sorrowful; penitent
controversial
debatable; questionable
contumacious
disobedient; obstinate
contumely
rudeness
contusion
a bruise
conundrum
a riddle
convalesce
to recover from an illness
convene
to come together; to assemble
conventional
usual; ordinary
converge
to come together; to meet in a point or line
conversant
being familiar with
converse
to talk to someone (verb); the opposite (noun)

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