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Glossary of Russian Infinitives

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Нельзя + НСВ
forbidden
Нельзя + СВ
impossible
Можно + НСВ
permission, general possibility
usually contains additional information (10%)
Можно + СВ
concrete request (90%)
Tense and meaning:
Не надо
it is not necessary; one mustn’t; one ought not
Tense and meaning:
Не нужно
HCB
it is not necessary; one ought not, one shouldn’t, one mustn’t, one doesn’t need
Tense and meaning:
Не положено
one is not supposed to do that; it is not done
Tense and meaning:
Не сто́ит
it is not worth it to do that
Tense and meaning:
Не принято
it is not acceptable to
Tense and meaning:
Не полагается
one is not supposed to
Tense and meaning:
Не следует
it should not be
HCB
Tense and meaning:
Не разрешается
it is forbidden to
Tense and meaning:
Запрещается
it is prohibited to
Tense and meaning:
Воспрещается
it is prohibited to
Надо + НСВ
It's time to (пора)
Positive Modal Infinitive Meanings of both Aspects
можно, надо, нужно, должен
НСВ: it is time to, beginning of action
СВ: refers to future action
Negative Modal Infinitive Meaning of Both Aspects
нельзя, не стоит, не надо, не нушно, не следует, не принято, не полагается
НСВ: action is forbidden or unnecessary
СВ: action is impossible
Meaning of each aspect with Modals Followed by Negative:
можно не, может не, должен не, any verb + не
НСВ: action does not have to be performed; agent has permission not to perform action
СВ: a possibility exists that the action may not be performed (usually with speaker’s apprehension)
Броса́ть/бро́сить
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай / и )
to quit, give up, break (a habit)
НСВ
Конча́ть/ко́нчить
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
(-ай / и )
to end
НСВ
Надоеда́ть/надое́сть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай / *)
to be fed up with
НСВ
Начина́ть/нача́ть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай / н )
to begin
НСВ
Отвыка́ть/отвы́кнуть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай /[-ну-])
to become unaccustomed to
НСВ
Привыка́ть/привы́кнуть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай /[-ну-])
to become accustomed to
НСВ
Перестав́ать/переста́ть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( авай / н )
to stop
НСВ
Продолжа́ть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай )
to continue
НСВ
Устава́ть/уста́ть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( авай / н )
to tire
НСВ
Станови́ться/стать
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( и / н )
to become
НСВ
Учи́ться/научи́ться (разучи́ться)
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( и / и )
to learn (unlearn)
НСВ
Хоте́ться/захоте́ться (расхоте́ться)
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
(*/*)
to want (stop wanting)
НСВ
Забыва́ть/забы́ть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай /*)
to forget
CB
Мечта́ть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай )
to day dream
CB
Остава́ться/оста́ться
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( авай/ н ) оста́лось
to remain, stay, be left
CB
Спеши́ть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( и )
to hurry
CB
Торопи́ться
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( и )
to hurry
CB
Успева́ть/успе́ть
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( ай / ей )
to have time, be successful, manage
CB
Удава́ться/уда́ться
Verb Class
Meaning
Aspect of Trailing Infinitive
( авай /*)
to turn out well, succeed, manage
CB

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