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Glossary of Roots, Combining Forms, Prefixes, and Suffixes Latin and Greek

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a-
without, lack of
asymptomatic
ab-
away from
abstinence
acou-
hearing
acoustics
-ac, -al
pertaining to
cardiac, myocardial
ad-
to, toward, near to
adduction (move toward midline)
aden-, adeno-
gland
adenoma (tumor of a gland)
af-
toward
afferent (moving toward)
albi-
white
albinuria (passing of pale or white urine)
-algia
painful condition
myalgia (muscle pain)
an-
without, lack of
anesthesia (absence of pain)
andro-
male
androgens (male hormones)
angi-, angio-
vessel
angiopathy (disease of blood vessels)
ante-
before
antepartum (before birth)
anti-
against
anticoagulant (prevents blood clotting)
apo-
separated from, off
apodia (congenital absence of feet)
arth-, arthro-
joint
arthritis (inflammation of a joint)
-ary
associated with
urinary (associated with urine)
-asis, -asia
condition or state of
homeostasis (state of metabolic balance)
audio-
hearing
auditory (belonging to the hearing sense)
auri-
ear
auricle (ear-shaped structure)
auto-
self
autolysis (self breakdown)
baro-
weight, pressure
baroreceptor (receptor for pressure changes)
bi-
twice, double
bicuspid (two cusps)
-blast
germ, bud
chondroblast (cartilage-producing cell)
brachi-
arm
brachial (of the arm)
brady-
slow
bradycardia (slow heart rate)
bucc-
cheek
cubbal cavity (inside cheek region)
callo-
thick
callosity (thickening of keatinized layer of epidermis)
carcin-
cancer
carcinogenic (causing cancer)
caud-
tail
caudal (by the tail)

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