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Glossary of Romer: Glossary

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A-, ab-
L. prefix implying separation
Abdomen
L., from abdere, to hide
A-, ab.
L. prefix implying separation.
Abdomen.
L., from abdere (?), to hide.
Abducens.
L., ab, away, + ducens, lead?ing
Abductor.
L.,ab, away, +ducere, to lead.
Accessory.
L., accessorius, supplementary.
Acelous.
G., a, not, + koilos, hollow.
Acetabulum.
L. , acetabulum, vinegar cup.
Acoustic.
G., akoustikos, pertaining to hearing.
Acrania.
G.. a, without, + krania, heads.
Acrodont.
G., akron, height or extremity, + odour, tooth.
Acromion.
G., akron, height or extremity, + omos, shoulder.
Actino-.
G., a ray.
Ad.
L. prefix, to, toward, at, or near.
Adductor.
L., ad, to, + ducere, to lead.
Adrenal.
L., ad, near, + renes, kidneys.
Alisphenoid.
L., ala, wing, + G., sphen, wedge, + G., eidos, form.
Allantois.
G., alias, sausage, + eidos, form, appearance.
Alveolus.
L., alveolus, little cavity.
Ambiguus.
L., ambiguus, uncertain, changeable.
Amnion.
G., amnion, fetal membrane.
Amphi-.
G. prefix, on both sides; hence, around or double.
Amphibia.
G., amphi, double, + bios, life. Amphicelous. G., amphi, both, + koilos, hollow.
Amphioxus.
G., amphi, both, + oxys, sharp
Amphiplatyan.
G., amphi, both, + platys, flat.
Amphistylic.
G., amphi, both, + stylos, pillar.
Ampulla.
L., ampulla, a flask or vessel swelling in the middle.
A-, an-.
G. prefix (alpha privative), with-out or not.
Ana-.
G. prefix, on, upward, throughout,frequently, or reinforcing a meaning.
Analogy.
G., ana, according to, + logos,due ratio; hence, proportionate.
Anamniota.
G., an, without, + amnion, fetal membrane.
Anapsid.
G., an, not, + apsis, arch.
Anastomosis.
G., anastomoein, to bring to a mouth, cause to communicate.
Andro-.
G., andros, a male.
Ankylosis.
G., ankylosis, stiffening of the joint.
Annulus.
L., anulus (annulus), a ring.
Anura.
G., an, without, + oura, tail.
Anus.
L., anus, fundament.
Apo-.
G. prefix, from.
Apoda.
G., a, without, + poda, feet.
Aponeurosis.
G., apo, from, + neuron, tendon.
Apophysis.
G., apo, from, + physis, growth.
Appendicular.
L., appendere, to hang upon.
Apsid.
G. suffix, from apsis, an arch.
Arachnoid.
G., arachnes, spider, + eidos, shape or likeness.
Arch-, archi-.
G. prefix, first or chief; hence, primitive or ancestral.
Archenteron.
G., arch, first, + enteron, intestine, gut.
Archipallium.
G., archi, first, + pallium, cloak.
Archipterygium.
G., archesthai, to begin, + pterygion, a little wing.
Arcualia (p1.).
L., arcualis, bowshaped.
Arrector.
L., arrigere, to raise.
Arytenoid.
G., arytana, jug, + eidos, shape or likeness.
Astragalus.
G., astragalos, ankle bone, used as a die (commonly pl.).
Atrium.
L., atrium, court, entrance hall.
Auditory.
L., audire, to hear.
Auricle.
L. dim., auricula, external ear.
Auto-.
G. prefix, autos, self.
Autonomic.
G.,autos, self, +nomos, law.
Autostylic.
G., autos, self, + stylos, pillar.
Axial.
L., axis, axle of a wheel, the line about which any body turns.
Azygos.
G., a, not, + zygon, yoke; hence, unpaired.
Basal.
L., basis, footing or base.
Basi-.
L. prefix, pertaining to the base.
Basibranchial.
L., basis, base, + branchiae, gills.
Basihyoid.
L., basi base, + G., hyoeide s, Y-shaped.
Bi-.
L. prefix, two, twice, or double.
Biceps.
L., bis, twice, + caput, head.
Bilateral.
L., bi, two, + latus, side.
Blasto-.
G. prefix, bud, germ, or sprout.
Blastocele.
G., blastos, germ, + koilos, hollow.
Blastoderm.
G., blastos, germ, + derma, skin.
Blastodisc.
G., blastos, germ, + diskos, a round plate, quoit.
Blastomere.
G., blastos, germ, + meros, part.
Blastopore.
G., blastos, germ + passage, opening.
Blastula.
L. dim. of G. blastos, germ.
Brachial.
L., brachialis, belonging to the arm.
Brachium. (pl. -ia).
L., brachium, especially the forearm.
Brachy-.
G. prefix from brachus, short
Branchial.
L., branchiae, or G branchia, gills.
Branchiostegal.
G., branchia, gills, + stegein to cover.
Bronchus.
G., bronchia, end of windpipe
Buccal.
L., bucca, cheek.
Bulbus.
L., bulbus, bulb, swollen root.
Bulla.
L., a bubble, hence spherical in shape.
Bunodont.
G., bounos, mound, + odous, tooth.
Bursa.
L., a purse, hence purse-shaped object.
Calcaneum.
L., calcaneum, heel/
Callosum.
L., callosus, -a, -um, thick-skinned.
Calyx (pl. calices).
L., calyx, husk, cup-shaped protective covering.
Caninus.
L., caninus, pertaing to a dog.
Capillary.
L., capillaris, pertaining to the hair.
Capitulum.
L. dim. (caput), small head
Caput (pl. capita).
L., caput, head
Carapace.
NL., carapax, bony or chitinous covering.
Cardiac.
G., kardiakos pertaining to the heart.
Cardinal.
L., cardinalis, pertaining to a door hinge.
Carina.
L., keel.
Carnassial.
F., carnassier, carnivourous (L., caro, carnis, flesh).
Carnivorous.
L., carno, flesh, + varare, devour.
Carnosus.
L., carnosus, flesh
Carpus.
G., karpos, wrist.
Cartilago (pl. -agines).
L., cartilago, gristle, cartilage.
Caudal.
L., cauda, tail.
Cava.
L., cavus, -a, -um, hollow
Cavernosus.
L., caverna, a hollow or cave.
Cecum.
L., caecus, -a, -um, blind.
Celiac.
G., koilia, belly.
Celom (e).
G., koiloma, a hollow.
Cephalic.
G., kephale, head.
Cephalo-.
G. combining form. kephale, head.
Ceratobranchial.
G., keras, horn + branchia, gills.
Ceratotrichia.
G., keras, horn, + thrix,hair.
Cercal.
G., kerkos, a tail.
Cerebellum.
L. dim.. cerebrum, brain.

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