Glossary of Romeo and Juliet Test 2
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- Where and when was William Shakespeare born?
- Stratford, April 23, 1564
- Who was the ruler of England during most of Shakespeare's lifetime?
- Elizabeth I
- Who was the ruler of England during the latter days of Shakespeare's life?
- James I
- What were four events of historical importance which occurred during Shakespeare's lifetime?
- Jamestown was founded
Founding of the New World
Defeat of Spanish armada
- What was the name of the historical age in which Shakespeare lived? (two names)
- Elizabethan Age and the Jacobean Age
- Whats is a comedy?
- A drama that is characterized by happy endings, love and renewal, nature, and magic
- What are some examples of comedies?
- Midsummer's Night Dream
Comedy of Errors
- What is a tragedy?
- A drama that is characterized by unhappy endings, seriousness, downfall of the hero and society, and a tragic flaw in the hero
- What is a history?
- A drama of actual events with bias.
- What are some examples of tragedies?
- Romeo and Juliet
- What are some examples of histories?
- Richard III
- In what form are Shakespeare's plays written?
- Blank verse
- List four characteristics of the theater of Shakespeare's time which are not ncessarily representative of the theater of today.
- Held outside in mid day
Audience was up close
Used very few seats
No women were allowed to act
- Who were groundlings?
- People who paid 1 cent to be able to stand up right near the stage
- Who were courtiers?
- People who paid more than the groundlings who got to sit a bit farther from the stages
- What behavior might one expect from the audience, especially if they did not like a play?
- Booing, throwing things, yelling
- Who was James Burbage?
- The builder of the first permanent theater in London
- Which theater did Shakespeare build?
- The Globe Theater
- For whom did Shakespeare write his plays?
- What does "Bard of Avon" mean?
- A nickname for Shakespeare meaning "poem"
- In what year did Shakespeare die?
- Why have his plays remained popular for nearly 400 years?
- The dialogue, action, and the whole story of the play
- What is blank verse?
- Unrhymed lines of 10 syllables each in pattern
- How many plays did Shakespeare write?
- What is catharsis?
- Purging of emotions, empathy
- What is schadenfreude?
- Joy in other people's pain
- Why did people go to watch tragedies?
- Catharsis and schadenfreude
- What is a simile?
- A comparision of two things using like or as
- What is a metaphor?
- A comparision of two things not using like or as
- What is a pun?
- A figure of speech which consists of deliberate confusion of similar words or phrases, often containing homophones
- What is personification?
- Giving human qualities to animals or objects
- What is an allusion?
- A brief reference to a person, event, book, place, work of art, etc
- What is an oxymoron?
- Putting two contradictory words together
- What is verbal irony?
- When someone says something that is opposite of what you might expect them to say, or opposite of what they expected would occur
- What is situational irony?
- Events that are purposely contrary to what was expected or intended
- What is dramatic irony?
- When the audience knows something that the characters do not
- What is foreshadowing?
- The use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later
- What is a monologue?
- A speech by a single character without a response from another character
- What is a soliloquy?
- A speech by a single character that is meant to be heard only by the audience and represents the character thinking aloud.
- What is a couplet?
- A pair of lines of verse that rhyme
- What is a sonnet?
- Verse of fourteen lines that has a rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg
- What is comic relief?
- An interruption to a succession of intensely tragic dramatic moments that offers the audience something to laugh at
- What is prose?
- Writing that does not have a regular meter, does not rhyme, and is more similar to everyday speech
- What is iambic pentameter?
- A meter of poetry with five pairs of unstressed-stressed syllables per line
- Who as the inventor of the sonnet?
- Petrach, an italian
- How is a sonnet divided?
- 3 quatrains, 1 couplet
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