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Glossary of Roman Clothing

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toga exigua
The earliest toga
sinus
The "curve" of the toga draping
umbo
A bunch of cloth that was pulled up from the role of the toga and over the sinus to lock it in place.
stola
A long strapped dress falling to the feet in folds worn by married women. This symbolized purity and modesty.
vittae
Woolen bands used to tie up women's hair.
mater familias
mother-of-the-family
tutulus
Hair style in which the hair is worn braided high on the woman's head.
tunica
A short sleeved garment worn alone or under other clothing.
chiton
A Greek style dress worn by women by the 1st Century A.D.
campestre
Short pants or loin cloth worn under the tunica.
subligar
Short pants or loin cloth worn under the tunica
subligaculum
Short pants or loin cloth worn under the tunica.
fascia
A type of brazier worn by women made from linen cloth.
strophium
A type of brazier worn by women made from linen cloth.
palla
An outer garment worn by women which would be pulled up over their heads as a sign of their modesty when outside of their home.
calcei
Shoes worn by men which were laced high on the man's leg.
calceoli
Women's shoes resembling soled "slipper socks"
synthesis
Greek garment worn at dinner parties by men
tunicopallium
Greek garment worn at dinner parties by men

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