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Glossary of Respiratory signs

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Cystic Fibrosis
Thickened bronchial walls
Hyperinflation
Low hemidiaphragms
Abnormal linear lung opacities
Hyaline membrane disease
Minute granular densities in parenchyma
Air bronchogram
Croup
Smooth tapered narrowing
Steeple (Gothic arch) Sign
Epiglottitis
Thumbprint sign
Lung abscess
Most common in right
Encapsulated opaque mass
Primary TB
Consolidation is homogenous, dense, well defined
Miliary TB
Innumerable fine discrete nodules uniformly throughout lungs
TB pneumonia
Necrotic cavities or large abscess
Secondary TB
Extensive fibrotic changes with possible calcification
Tuberculoma
Single or multiple nodules 1-3 cm
Primary histoplasmosis
Granulomatous nodule
Chronic histoplasmosis
Zones of parenchymal consilidation
Calcified granulomas
Chronic bronchitis
Increased bronchovascular markings
hyperinflation and depressed diaphragm
Emphysema
Pulmonary hyperinflation
bulla formation
flattened diaphragm
Asthma
Bronchial narrowing
hyperlucent lungs
Bronchiectasis
Coarseness and decreased interstitial markings
Advanced bronchiectasis
oval/circular cystic spaces
Silicosis
Multiple well defined scattered nodules of uniform density
Asbestosis
pleural thickening with calcified plaques
Anthracosis
Multiple less well-defined nodules of granular density

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