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Glossary of Respiratory-4*

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Larynx
Voice box; a short passageway that connects the pharynx with the trachea
Thyroid (adam's apple)
2 fused plates of hyaline cartilge forms anterior of larynx, gives a triangular shape; usually larger in males
Epiglottis
Stem attached to pharynx which moves up during swallowing;leaf shaped - elastic cartilage
Cricoid
Ring of hyaline cartilage forms inferior wall of larynx
Single cartilage plates:
Thyroid
Epiglottis
Cricoid
Paired cartilage plates:
Arytenoids
Corniculates
Cuneiforms
Arytenoids
Triangular pieces of mostly hyaline cartilage; ladle like
Corniculates
Elastic cartilage; small horn
Cuneiforms
Elastic cartilage; wedge shaped
Mucous membrane folds:
Ventricular folds
Vocal folds
Ventricular folds
"false vocal cords" upper pair of mucous membranes
Rima vestibuli
Space between ventricular folds
Vocal folds
"True vocal cords" lower pair of mucous membrances
Rima Glottidis
Space between vocal folds
Laryngeal sinus
Region between upper and lower vocal cords
Glottis
Consists of vocal folds and rima glottidis

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