Glossary of Reading 310

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What are the three types of comprehension?
experience based
how many answers can you get from a literal comprehension question?
how many answers can you get from an inferentail comprehsnison question?
a few
how many answers can you get from an expereince based inerentail question?
as many asnwers as there are students
what is cultural literacy?
it refers to what an educated person shuld know about the arts, literature and toerh determinants of culture
what is functional literacy?
the level of competence in reading and writing that one needs to survive in soceity
what is illteracy
the lack of education manifested in an indableity to read and write
what is aliteracy
a lack of a reading habit, those who have the ability but chose not to use it
what are the six influesnces on content literacy?
prior knowledge, attitude and interest
langauge and conceptual difficulty
the assumptions of the text
the text strucutre that writers use
the teacher's belifs about and attitudes towards the use of texts
what is a book walk?
when the teacher walks studetns through a text using preditcion, prior knowldege, establises a purpose
what are three ways of balancing content and process in curriculum?
know the standards
make insturctional decions based on assessments and abilities
and inegrate contnent literacy strategies into plans and units
list seven qualities of good readers
good readers have clear _____ in mind for their reading and _____ wheter the test and their reading of it is _________
meeting their goals
Good readers __________ before the reading, noting _________ and __________
look over
relevant sections
good readers make ______
predictions about things to come
good readers __________ an dmake decisions on what to read
read selectively
good readers ________, ___________, and ______ the meaning they make as they read
construct, revies and question
good readers try to determine the meaning of _____________ and _____ in the text
unfamiliar words and concepts
good readers draw from, compare and inegrate their _________
prior knowdlege
good readers thing about the author's _________, ________, __________, _______
styles, belifs, intentions history
good readers ___________________ making adjusmetns int heir reading
monitor their understanding of the text
godo readers evaulate the text's ______ and ________ and react intellectually and emotionally
quality and value
good readers read different kidns of text ________
good readers attnd closely to the ______ and _________ when reading a narrative
setting characters
good readers _________ and ________ summaries of what they have read
construct and revise
list 7 conclusions about effective comprehension insturction
it can be effective in helping studnets develop strategies
it can improve comprehension
struggliing readers beenfit from explicit instruction in strategies
vocab knoweldge is related
develops effective comphrehensive strategies
exposed to differnt genre
may increase the motivation to read and comprehend
what is schemtat (schema)?
it is used to describe how people use world or prior knoweldge to organize and store information in their heads
what is schema activitaion?
the mechnaism by which people access what they know and match it to the information in the text
what is scaffolding insturction?
it allows teachers to support studnet's efforts to make sense of texts while showing them how to use strategies that lead to inedpendence
what does SQ3R stand for?
survey question read review recite
in oreder to comprehend text successfully skilled readres must be able to ________, read with __________, activiate ________________ and use __________
decode, fluencely, vocabluary knowedlge, comprehension strategies
what is metagocnition?
how we think about how we think
what are the two componnt of metacognition?
knowedlge: self knoweldge and task knowedge
regualtion: montor and regulate reading and writing process
what are teh correct strategies to use if you encounter a word and you don't know what it means? Incorrect
use words around it
use an outside source
ignroe it and wait for clarification

incorrect: soudn it out
what doe you do if you dont' know what an entire sentence means? incorrect?
read it again
think abou tthe other sentences nearby

sound out all the difficult words
disregard it completely
if you're reading science or social students material, waht would you do to rememebter the improtnat information you read? what wouldn't you do?
ask yoruself questions
realize you need to remember one point rather than another
relate is to something you already know

incorrect: skip parts you don't understand
before you start to read, what kind of plans do you make to help you read better? inforrect?
think about what you arleady know
think about why you are reaeding

no spepcific plan is needed
make sure the reading can be read as quickly as possible
why would you go back and read an intire passage over again?
you didn't understand it
it seemed imporatn to remembr
to underline or summaire

to calirfy a sepcific or supporting idea
knowing that you dont' understand a particular sentence while reading invloves understnading that:
the reader amy not have delveoped adquate links or associateons for new workds or conecpts
the rwiter may not have conved the ideas clearly
two senstneds may pruposely contradict

incorrect: finding meaning for the senentece needlessly slwos down the reader
as you read a testbook you do: dont:
do: adjust pace
make preditcions

don't: read at a constant, steady pace, skip parts you dont' understand
while you read it is important to:: not important to:
know when you know and when you don't know key ideas, know what it is that you know in relation to what is being read and know that differnt stratgeis can be used to aid understanding

know that conufsing txt is common and usually ignored
what is a semantice feture analysis grid?
it is used to lok at similar characticietics and features
what is scaling?
when you start with one word and go to relative words (hot to scalding)
how do you insturct strategies?
assess what they do
create and explain strategey awareness
model and demonstrate
provide pracitce
apply strategeis
what are QAR's?
question answer relationships that are a comprehension strategy
what are the stages in the writing process?
what is included int he discovery stage of the writing process?
exploring and generative ideas
finding a topic
make plans
get started
what is included int he drafting stage of the writing process?
getting ideas on paper
stick to task
fluncey and coherence
what is included in the revising stage of the writing process?
revising for meaning
responding to writing
organizing for clarity
editing and proofreading
what are vocabulary self collection strategies?
promot long term aquisiton of langauge, in depth evluation of one or two words
what are conept deveinition word maps?
provide a frameowrk for organising conceptual information
what are 4 types of vocab buidling stratgetis
using context
cognat relathips in context
word structure
use the dictionary
what are two ways to use context to approsimate meaning?
typographic cues
syntactiv and symantic clues
what are the 6 semantic and syntatic clues?
linked synonyms
direct descripion (examples, modifers restatments) contrast, cuase and effect, mood and tone
what are two comprehension stragetives that involve students in a process of asking and answering qustions about a text, makign inferenfce and thinking cricially?
QTA (questioning the author)
Directed Reading-THinking activity (DRTA)
what are the two types of discussion?
guided and reflective
what is refelctive discussion?
assusmes student have a solid understanding of the importnat concepts and refelct on wroks
what does it mean to cognate relationships in context?
used with multli lingual studnetns, compare words in differnt langauges
when looking at word studruture, what should be examined?
compound words, affixes, smaller pronoucable usnits
when teaching what should be the goal of each activity?
to increase independnence

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