Glossary of Reading 310
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- What are the three types of comprehension?
- how many answers can you get from a literal comprehension question?
- how many answers can you get from an inferentail comprehsnison question?
- a few
- how many answers can you get from an expereince based inerentail question?
- as many asnwers as there are students
- what is cultural literacy?
- it refers to what an educated person shuld know about the arts, literature and toerh determinants of culture
- what is functional literacy?
- the level of competence in reading and writing that one needs to survive in soceity
- what is illteracy
- the lack of education manifested in an indableity to read and write
- what is aliteracy
- a lack of a reading habit, those who have the ability but chose not to use it
- what are the six influesnces on content literacy?
- prior knowledge, attitude and interest
langauge and conceptual difficulty
the assumptions of the text
the text strucutre that writers use
the teacher's belifs about and attitudes towards the use of texts
- what is a book walk?
- when the teacher walks studetns through a text using preditcion, prior knowldege, establises a purpose
- what are three ways of balancing content and process in curriculum?
- know the standards
make insturctional decions based on assessments and abilities
and inegrate contnent literacy strategies into plans and units
- list seven qualities of good readers
- good readers have clear _____ in mind for their reading and _____ wheter the test and their reading of it is _________
meeting their goals
- Good readers __________ before the reading, noting _________ and __________
- look over
- good readers make ______
- predictions about things to come
- good readers __________ an dmake decisions on what to read
- read selectively
- good readers ________, ___________, and ______ the meaning they make as they read
- construct, revies and question
- good readers try to determine the meaning of _____________ and _____ in the text
- unfamiliar words and concepts
- good readers draw from, compare and inegrate their _________
- prior knowdlege
- good readers thing about the author's _________, ________, __________, _______
- styles, belifs, intentions history
- good readers ___________________ making adjusmetns int heir reading
- monitor their understanding of the text
- godo readers evaulate the text's ______ and ________ and react intellectually and emotionally
- quality and value
- good readers read different kidns of text ________
- good readers attnd closely to the ______ and _________ when reading a narrative
- setting characters
- good readers _________ and ________ summaries of what they have read
- construct and revise
- list 7 conclusions about effective comprehension insturction
- it can be effective in helping studnets develop strategies
it can improve comprehension
struggliing readers beenfit from explicit instruction in strategies
vocab knoweldge is related
develops effective comphrehensive strategies
exposed to differnt genre
may increase the motivation to read and comprehend
- what is schemtat (schema)?
- it is used to describe how people use world or prior knoweldge to organize and store information in their heads
- what is schema activitaion?
- the mechnaism by which people access what they know and match it to the information in the text
- what is scaffolding insturction?
- it allows teachers to support studnet's efforts to make sense of texts while showing them how to use strategies that lead to inedpendence
- what does SQ3R stand for?
- survey question read review recite
- in oreder to comprehend text successfully skilled readres must be able to ________, read with __________, activiate ________________ and use __________
- decode, fluencely, vocabluary knowedlge, comprehension strategies
- what is metagocnition?
- how we think about how we think
- what are the two componnt of metacognition?
- knowedlge: self knoweldge and task knowedge
regualtion: montor and regulate reading and writing process
- what are teh correct strategies to use if you encounter a word and you don't know what it means? Incorrect
- use words around it
use an outside source
ignroe it and wait for clarification
incorrect: soudn it out
- what doe you do if you dont' know what an entire sentence means? incorrect?
- read it again
think abou tthe other sentences nearby
sound out all the difficult words
disregard it completely
- if you're reading science or social students material, waht would you do to rememebter the improtnat information you read? what wouldn't you do?
- ask yoruself questions
realize you need to remember one point rather than another
relate is to something you already know
incorrect: skip parts you don't understand
- before you start to read, what kind of plans do you make to help you read better? inforrect?
- think about what you arleady know
think about why you are reaeding
no spepcific plan is needed
make sure the reading can be read as quickly as possible
- why would you go back and read an intire passage over again?
- you didn't understand it
it seemed imporatn to remembr
to underline or summaire
to calirfy a sepcific or supporting idea
- knowing that you dont' understand a particular sentence while reading invloves understnading that:
- the reader amy not have delveoped adquate links or associateons for new workds or conecpts
the rwiter may not have conved the ideas clearly
two senstneds may pruposely contradict
incorrect: finding meaning for the senentece needlessly slwos down the reader
- as you read a testbook you do: dont:
- do: adjust pace
don't: read at a constant, steady pace, skip parts you dont' understand
- while you read it is important to:: not important to:
- know when you know and when you don't know key ideas, know what it is that you know in relation to what is being read and know that differnt stratgeis can be used to aid understanding
know that conufsing txt is common and usually ignored
- what is a semantice feture analysis grid?
- it is used to lok at similar characticietics and features
- what is scaling?
- when you start with one word and go to relative words (hot to scalding)
- how do you insturct strategies?
- assess what they do
create and explain strategey awareness
model and demonstrate
- what are QAR's?
- question answer relationships that are a comprehension strategy
- what are the stages in the writing process?
- what is included int he discovery stage of the writing process?
- exploring and generative ideas
finding a topic
- what is included int he drafting stage of the writing process?
- getting ideas on paper
stick to task
fluncey and coherence
- what is included in the revising stage of the writing process?
- revising for meaning
responding to writing
organizing for clarity
editing and proofreading
- what are vocabulary self collection strategies?
- promot long term aquisiton of langauge, in depth evluation of one or two words
- what are conept deveinition word maps?
- provide a frameowrk for organising conceptual information
- what are 4 types of vocab buidling stratgetis
- using context
cognat relathips in context
use the dictionary
- what are two ways to use context to approsimate meaning?
- typographic cues
syntactiv and symantic clues
- what are the 6 semantic and syntatic clues?
direct descripion (examples, modifers restatments) contrast, cuase and effect, mood and tone
- what are two comprehension stragetives that involve students in a process of asking and answering qustions about a text, makign inferenfce and thinking cricially?
- QTA (questioning the author)
Directed Reading-THinking activity (DRTA)
- what are the two types of discussion?
- guided and reflective
- what is refelctive discussion?
- assusmes student have a solid understanding of the importnat concepts and refelct on wroks
- what does it mean to cognate relationships in context?
- used with multli lingual studnetns, compare words in differnt langauges
- when looking at word studruture, what should be examined?
- compound words, affixes, smaller pronoucable usnits
- when teaching what should be the goal of each activity?
- to increase independnence
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