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Glossary of REL- Islam

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Islam means (2 things)
Peace, and submission
Muslim means
submitter
Allah
The God
Muhammad
"Seal of the Prophets"
last of the prophets
Jinn
fantastic personifications of the terrors of the desert
Khadija
Muhammads 1st wife
Medina
City of the Prophet
Hijrah
migration to Medina
Date of the Hijrah
622 CE
Battle of Badr
a group of Muslims defeat Meccans
Qu'ran means...
what is it?
"read" or "recite"
scripture written in heaven , dictated to Muhammad
Surahs. how many?
Chapters. 114
4 stages of revelation:
Abraham (monotheism)
Moses (10 commandments)
Jesus (golden rule)
Muhammad (how to love your neighbor)
5 pillars
creed
prayer
charity
fast of ramadan
pilgrimage
Jihad
"exertion" or "striving" toward praiseworthy goal
Caliphs
Successors of Muhammad
Abu Bakr
1st Caliph, gave funeral oration, died after 2 yrs
Umar
2nd Caliph
Uthman
3rd Caliph, led society into civil war
Ali
4th Caliph, Muhammads closest relative
3 major divisions of Islam
1. sunnis
2. kharijites
3. shi'ites

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