Glossary of Psychopathology Terms and Definitions 1.2
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- ACTING OUT
- Acting out: Dealing with emotional conflict by actions rather than reflections or feelings. Not just bad behavior, requires evidence that the behavior is related to emotional conflicts
- Affiliation: Deal with emotional conflict by turning to others for support. Sharing, but not making someone else responsible for the problems.
- Altruism: Deal with conflict by dedication to meeting the needs of others.
- Anticipation: Deal with emotional conflict by experiencing emotional reactions in advance of or anticipating consequences of future events
- AUTISTIC FANTASY
- Autistic fantasy: Excessive daydreaming as a substitute for human relationships
- Denial: Refusing to acknowledge some painful aspect of external reality or subjective experience that would be apparent to others. Psychotic is when gross impairment in reality testing
- Devaluation: Attributing exaggerated negative qualities to self or others
- Displacement: Transferring feelings about one object to another usually less threatening other object. In contrast to projection: own unacceptable feelings onto other.
- Dissociation: Breakdown in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, perception of self or environment, sensory motor behavior. Many defense mechanisms have this. (intellectualization)
- HELP-REJECTING COMPLAINING
- Help-rejecting complaining: Complaining or making repetitious requests for help that disguise covert feelings of hostility or reproach toward others, which are expressed by rejecting the suggestions, advice or help of others.
- Humor: Deal with stress by emphasizing the amusing or ironic aspects of conflict
- Idealization: Exaggerating positive qualities of and to others
- Intellectualization: Excessive use of abstract thinking or the making of generalizations to control or minimize disturbing feelings
- ISOLATION OF AFFECT
- Isolation of affect: Separation of ideas from the feelings originally associated with them. Loses touch with the feelings associated with a given idea while remaining aware of the cognitive elements.
- Omnipotence: Acting as if he/she possesses special powers or abilities superior to others
- PASSIVE AGGRESSION
- Passive aggression: Indirectly and unassertively expressing aggression toward others. Façade of overt compliance masking covert resistance, resentment, hostility. Often occurs in response to demands for independent action or performance or lack of gratification of dependent wishes but may be adaptive for people in subordinate positions
- Projection: Falsely attributing another his or her own unacceptable feelings, impulses
- PROJECTIVE IDENTIFICATION
- Projective identification: Self-fulfilling prophecy. Project onto someone else your feelings, but does not disavow what is projected. Individual remains aware of his or her own affects or impulses and misattributes them as justifiable reactions to the other person.
- Rationalization: Concealing the true motivations for his or her won thoughts through elaboration of reassuring or self-serving but incorrect explanations.
- REACTION FORMATION
- Reaction formation: Deal with conflict by substituting behavior, thoughts, feelings that are diametrically opposed to his or her unacceptable thoughts or feelings
- Repression: Expelling disturbing wishes, thoughts, or experiences from conscious awareness. The feeling component may remain conscious, detached from its associated ideas. UNCONSCIOUS = defense mechanizm
- Self-assertion: Deal with stress by expressing his/her feelings directly in a way that is not coercive, manipulative
- Self-observation: Reflecting appropriately on own thoughts, feelings, motivations
- Splitting: Compartmentalizing opposite affect states and failing to integrate the positive and negative qualities of self or others into cohesive images. Tend to alternate between polar images.
- Sublimation: Channeling potentially maladaptive feelings or impulses into socially acceptable behavior
- Suppression: Intentionally avoiding thinking about disturbing problems, wishes. Decide to deal with it later. CONSCIOUS = Coping style.
- Undoing: Deal with stress by words or behavior designed to negate or make amends symbolically for unacceptable thoughts, feelings, actions
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