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Glossary of Psychology Chapters 11 and 12

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The sequence of age related changes that occurs as a person progresses from conception to death.
Development
Observable Characteristics
Phenotype
operate on norms the child has to develop to a point where they can benefit from the activity they are performing.
Maturational Readiness-
starts accommodation and assimilation.
Equilibration
XX is female and XY is male.
Genetic Code
mental capacity that involves recognizing that objects continue to exist even when they are no longer visible.
Object Permanence
one celled organism created by the process of fertilization.
Zygote
Harmful substances that can effect the development of new life.
Teratogens
- in Piaget’s theory, the processes by which individuals interpret new information in accordance with existing knowledge or schemas.
Assimilation
Emotional distress displayed by an infant when separated from a person with whom it has formed an attachment.
Seperation Anxiety
The aging process
Ageism
Actual genetic makeup can be dominant or recessive.
Genotype
A collection of congenital problems associated with a mother’s excessive use of alcohol during pregnancy.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
When we adjust or restructure what we already know so that new information can fit in better.
Accomidation
characteristic mood, energy level, and reactivity.
Temperament
The tendency of young children to view the world as being centered around themselves.
Egocentrism
withdrawing medical treatment with the deliberate intention of causing the patient's death.
Passive Euthanasia
taking specific steps to cause the patient's death, such as injecting the patient with poison.
Active Euthanasia
very important, represents the greatest period of growth and development in the entire life span.
Parental Stages of Life
Conception to two weeks. Zygote travels down the fallopian tube and attaches to the uteran wall and remains there.
Germinal Stage
Three to Nine weeks. Major organs and systems emerging. Most critical stage.
Emryonic Stage
Last months- 3-9. Completes development and makes ready for life outside the woumb.
Fetal Stage
control of the body from the center out to the extremities, gaining control of the torso before the limbs.
Proximodistal
pattern of growth that proceeds in a head to toe fashion, gain control of the upper before lower.
Cehpalocaudal
(birth-2)- explore 5 senses
Sensorimotor
(2 to 6 or 7)- egocentric (unable to take others point of view); lack conversation (do not realize that physical quantities remain constant in spite of changes in their shape or appearance) irreversable thinking (inability to cognitively visualize revers
Preoperational
(6 or 7 to 11 or 12)- conservation (can conserve weight, substance and quantity of matter); reversable thinking (must have direct experience with it); classification skills improve.
Concrete Operational
(11 or 12 up)- fully developed abstract thought.
Formal Operational
strict adherence to rigid standards- parent exercises control- not very democratic- no discussions or negotiations
Authoriatarian
has very few expectations- no guidelines- demands very little
Permissive
MOST DESIREABLE- firm, consistant, democratic style- child has imput- clear expectations but negotiable
Authorative
Trust vs. Mistrust
1 Year
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
(2-3)
Initiative vs. Guilt
(3-5)
Industry vs. Inferiority
(6-11)
Identity vs. Role Confusion
(12/13+)
Intimacy vs. Isolation
(Young Adulthood)
Generativity vs. Stagnation
(Middle Adulthood)
Itegrity vs. Despair
(Late Adulthood)

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