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Glossary of Psychology Ch. 1 test of craziness

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Created by rpack13@hotmail.com

psychology
The scientific study of mind and behavior
mind
Our private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memories, and feelings
nativism
The philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn
behavior
Observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals.
Philosophical empiricism
The philosophical view that all knowledge is acquired through experience
phrenology
A now defunct theory that specific mental abilities and characteristics, ranging from memory to the capacity for happiness, are localized in specific regions of the brain.
physiology
The study of biological processes, especially in the human body.
Stimulus
Sensory input from the environment.
reaction time
The amount of time taken to respond to a specific stimulus
Structuralism
The analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind
functionalism
The study of the purpose mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their environment.
illusions
Errors of perception, memory, or judgment in which subjective experience differs from objective reality.
Gestalt Psychology
A psychological Approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts.
hysteria
A temporary loss of cognitive or motor functions, usually as a result of emotionally upsetting experiences
unconscious
The part of the mind that operates outside of conscious awareness but influences conscious thoughts, feelings, and actions.
psychoanalysis
A therapeutic approach that focuses on bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness to better understand psychological disorders.
humanistic psychology
An approach to understanding human nature that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings.
behaviorism
An approach that advocates that psychologists restrict themselves to the scientific study of objectively observable behavior.
response
An action or physiological change elicited by a stimulus.
reinforcement
The consequences of a behavior that determine whether it will be more likely that the behavior will occur again.
cognitive psychology
The scientific study of mental processes, including perception, thought, memory, and reasoning.
behavioral neuroscience
An approach to psychology that links psychological processes to activities in the nervous system and other bodily processes.
cognitive neuroscience
A field that attempts to understand the links between cognitive processes and brain activity.
evolutionary psychology
A psychological approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved over time by natural selection.
Social Psychology
A subfield of psychology that studies the causes and consequences of interpersonal behavior.
cultural psychology
The study of how cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of their members.
What name should be associated with functionalism?
William James
What name should be associated with bahviorism?
John Watson
Using the principle of __________, Skinner successfully taught pigeons to play ping pong.
Reinforcement
The unpredictable nature of results from introspection contributed to the decline of:
functionalism?
What 2 names should be associated with structuralism?
Wundt and Titchener
What name should be associated with empiricism?
Aristotle
What name should be associated with nativism?
Plato
The first psychology research lab in North America was set up in 1881 at Johns Hopkins University by...?
William James

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