Glossary of Psychology Ch. 1 test of craziness
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- The scientific study of mind and behavior
- Our private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memories, and feelings
- The philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn
- Observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals.
- Philosophical empiricism
- The philosophical view that all knowledge is acquired through experience
- A now defunct theory that specific mental abilities and characteristics, ranging from memory to the capacity for happiness, are localized in specific regions of the brain.
- The study of biological processes, especially in the human body.
- Sensory input from the environment.
- reaction time
- The amount of time taken to respond to a specific stimulus
- The analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind
- The study of the purpose mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their environment.
- Errors of perception, memory, or judgment in which subjective experience differs from objective reality.
- Gestalt Psychology
- A psychological Approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts.
- A temporary loss of cognitive or motor functions, usually as a result of emotionally upsetting experiences
- The part of the mind that operates outside of conscious awareness but influences conscious thoughts, feelings, and actions.
- A therapeutic approach that focuses on bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness to better understand psychological disorders.
- humanistic psychology
- An approach to understanding human nature that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings.
- An approach that advocates that psychologists restrict themselves to the scientific study of objectively observable behavior.
- An action or physiological change elicited by a stimulus.
- The consequences of a behavior that determine whether it will be more likely that the behavior will occur again.
- cognitive psychology
- The scientific study of mental processes, including perception, thought, memory, and reasoning.
- behavioral neuroscience
- An approach to psychology that links psychological processes to activities in the nervous system and other bodily processes.
- cognitive neuroscience
- A field that attempts to understand the links between cognitive processes and brain activity.
- evolutionary psychology
- A psychological approach that explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved over time by natural selection.
- Social Psychology
- A subfield of psychology that studies the causes and consequences of interpersonal behavior.
- cultural psychology
- The study of how cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of their members.
- What name should be associated with functionalism?
- William James
- What name should be associated with bahviorism?
- John Watson
- Using the principle of __________, Skinner successfully taught pigeons to play ping pong.
- The unpredictable nature of results from introspection contributed to the decline of:
- What 2 names should be associated with structuralism?
- Wundt and Titchener
- What name should be associated with empiricism?
- What name should be associated with nativism?
- The first psychology research lab in North America was set up in 1881 at Johns Hopkins University by...?
- William James
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