Glossary of Psychology: Chapter 3: Developmental Psych
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- the study of changes that occur as an individual matures.
- developmental psychology
- an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or her hand.
- grasping reflex
- an infant'ts response in turning to the source of touching that occurs anywhere around his or her mouth.
- rooting reflex
- the internally programed growth of a child
- the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, but the meaning is usually clear.
- telegraphic speech
- a specific plan for knowing the world.
- the process of fitting objects and experiences into one's schemas.
- the adjustment of one's schema to include newly observed events and experiences.
- a child's realization that an object exists even when he or she cannot see or touch it.
- object permanence
- the intellectual ability of a child to picture something in his or her mind.
- representational thought
- the principle that a given quantity does not change when its appearance is changed.
- a young child's inability to understand another person's perspective.
- inherited tendences or responces that are displayed by newborn animals when they encounter new stimuli in their enviornment.
- a specific time in development when certain skills or abilities are most easily learned.
- critical period
- parents attempt to control, shape, and evaluate the behavior and attitudes of their children in accordance with a set code of conduct.
- authoritarian family
- adolescents participate in decisions affecting their lives.
- democratic/authoritative family
- children have the final say; parents are less controlling and have a nonpunishing, accepting attitude toward children.
- permissive/laissez-faire family
- the process of learning the rules of behavior of the culture within which an individual is born and will live.
- the process by which a child adopts the values and principles of the same-sex parent.
- sexual desires are pushed into the background and the child becomes involved in exploring the world and learning new skills.
- latency stage
- the process of redirecting sexual impulses into learning tasks.
- children's play that involves assuming adult roles, thus enabling the child to experience different points of view.
- role taking
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