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Glossary of Psychology: Chapter 3: Developmental Psych

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the study of changes that occur as an individual matures.
developmental psychology
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or her hand.
grasping reflex
an infant'ts response in turning to the source of touching that occurs anywhere around his or her mouth.
rooting reflex
the internally programed growth of a child
maturation
the kind of verbal utterances in which words are left out, but the meaning is usually clear.
telegraphic speech
a specific plan for knowing the world.
schema
the process of fitting objects and experiences into one's schemas.
assimilation
the adjustment of one's schema to include newly observed events and experiences.
accommidation
a child's realization that an object exists even when he or she cannot see or touch it.
object permanence
the intellectual ability of a child to picture something in his or her mind.
representational thought
the principle that a given quantity does not change when its appearance is changed.
conservation
a young child's inability to understand another person's perspective.
egocentric
inherited tendences or responces that are displayed by newborn animals when they encounter new stimuli in their enviornment.
imprinting
a specific time in development when certain skills or abilities are most easily learned.
critical period
parents attempt to control, shape, and evaluate the behavior and attitudes of their children in accordance with a set code of conduct.
authoritarian family
adolescents participate in decisions affecting their lives.
democratic/authoritative family
children have the final say; parents are less controlling and have a nonpunishing, accepting attitude toward children.
permissive/laissez-faire family
the process of learning the rules of behavior of the culture within which an individual is born and will live.
socialization
the process by which a child adopts the values and principles of the same-sex parent.
identification
sexual desires are pushed into the background and the child becomes involved in exploring the world and learning new skills.
latency stage
the process of redirecting sexual impulses into learning tasks.
sublimation
children's play that involves assuming adult roles, thus enabling the child to experience different points of view.
role taking

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