Glossary of Psych Module 2
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- What is a theory?
- An explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes + predicts observations
- What is a hypothesis?
- A testable prediction often implied by a theory
- What is an operational definition?
- A statement of procedures used to define research research variables
- What is replication?
- Repeating the study to see if it leads to other circumstances
- How to Psychologists describe behavior?
- Case Studies, Surveys, Naturalistic Observation
- What is a case study?
- A method used to in which one person is studied in great depth
- What is a population?
- All cases in a group
- What is a random sample?
- A sample that fairly represents a population
- What is naturalistic observation?
- Observing and recording behavior in natural occured situations without controlling the situation
- What is the third variable problem?
- When a 3rd variable may come in to play.
- Describe the experiment
- An investigator manipulates independent variables to observe the effect of the dependent variables
- What is the double blind procedure?
- When the participants and the researcher are both "blind" to knowing who received what
- Experimental condition vs Controlled condition
- Experimental = exposes participants to the treatment
Controlled = used in order to contrast and compare with the experimental group
- What is an independent variable?
- Experimental factor that is being manipulated and effect is being studied
- What is a dependent variable?
- Factor that is possibly changed due to the manipulations of the independent variable
- What is culture?
- Shared ideas and behaviors that generations pass on
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