Glossary of Psych Exam
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- What is the pleasure principle
- concern only about pleasure and avoiding pain
- What is the reality principle?
- concern with meeting the demands of the enviroment
- What is ID?
- reservior of your animalistic, primitive impluses (sexual and aggressive)
- What does ID operate on?
- The pleasure principle
- What is Ego?
- the conscious part of your personality which confronts the realities of the world.
- Person who you think you are?
- What principle does the ego follow?
- reality principle
- What is the super ego?
- the moral part of your personality, commonly called the conscious
- Ego demands what?
- moral perfection
- What is Freud's concept of the healty, well-functioning personality?
- control over ID
Gradual growth of strong ego
feeling in charge of life
- How long does each sleep cycle last?
- 90 minutes
- Sleep cycles: Getting tired
- heading to sleep, Stage 1
- stage 2, brain signals a shut down to focus internally
- sleep spindles
- Stage 3, going deeper into sleep
- Delta waves appear, still some Alpha
- Stage 4, deeper and deeper sleep
- Mostly delta
- What is REM stand for?
- Rapid Eye Movement
- REM averages about how many minutes during 8 hours of sleep?
- 90 minutes
- What is SAD?
- Seasonal aff disorder
- What is the psychodynamic theory?
- claims dreams are based on wish fullfillment. Emphasizes internal conflicts and unconscious forces
- What is the Activation-synthesis hypothesis?
- keep things in order
a brain trying to tell a story to fit with that verse
- What is the basic emotion from which all other emotions develop?
- Generalized excitement
- Are emotions powerful?
- Yes, they are among the most powerful and impelling forces which affect our daily lives.
- What causes emotional responses?
- Various physiological changes take place preparing you for the Flight or Fight response
- What is the Contemporary/Appraisal model of emotional arousal?
- 1) stimulus
- The Autonomic Nervous System is what part of the central nervous system?
- the central part
- What is the functions of the sympatheic branches?
- fight or flight
- Parasympatheic branch?
- brings things back to the normal state
- what is para-rebound?
- When someone faints
- What do pychopaths have?
- life without guilt
- What is health psychology
- to show people how to clean up their lives
- What factors determine how we react to stress?
- Genetics and biology
Lifestyle and behavior
- Why is relaxation one of the most affective ways of dealing with stress?
Meditation, yoga, hypothosis
- Why is it hard to make a clear distinction between mental illness and mental health?
- because there's no fine line
- What is Agoraphobia?
- when you can't leave the house
- what is the definition of psychopathology?
- the scientific study of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. also abnormal or maladaptive behavior
- What are 3 major characteristics of mental illness?
- Frequent or chronic anxiety
Excessive use of defense mechanisms
Poor or ineffective interpersonal relationships
- What are some risk factors that contribute to psychopathology?
- social conditions
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