Glossary of Psych 308 2

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Blooms Taxonomy
Classification system developed to help teachers think about the objectives they write, the learning activities they design, and the assignments they prepare.
Cognitive Objectives
Focus on knowledge and understanding of facts, concepts, princibles, rules, skills, and problem solving.

Knowledge, compresension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation
Affective Objectives
focus on attitudes and vaules and the development of student's personal and emotional growth.

Receiving, responding, valuing, organizing, characterizing by value
Self-determination theory
Acknowledges that not all learning is intrinsically motivated.

great chances for long term sucess, but not all students reach it
Self Regulation methods.
Setting goals
Monitoring Goals
Using Strategies
self efficacy
learner's belief about their capacity to succeed on a spedific task.
Strategies for decreasing cognitive load
Chunking (18 95 61 74)
Automaticity (do it over and over)
Dual Processing (visual and auditory stimulation together)
Time span things last in

Visual Memeory

Hearing Memory
Visual: 1 second

Hearing: 4 seconds
Erickson based his theory on this psychologist
Scarcity Principle
High grades are not available to everyone
What makes a good example when explaining material?
Characteristic of the concept is observable in the example
What is the motivation for advancement in Maslow's Hieracrhy?
Need for personal growth
Cognative Strategies
tools designed to help encode information
When do you advance through stages in Erickson's classification?
Changes in motivation.

Challenge is to overcome crises at each stage
Factors in creating a Learning Enhancing environment
-enhancing task comprehension
-enticing instruction (get their attention, relate things to real life)
Self Regulation is...
the effort it takes to assume responsibility and control for one's own learning
Characteristics of Expert Teachers
-Have more content knowledge
-more pedagogical knowledge
-can think farther ahead, know how lessons integrate
-better public speakers
-better at improvising
Things analyzed in Task Analysis
--information processing
--subject matter
Teacher Expectancies: How Low ability students are treated
-called on less
-given less time to answer questoins
-get less praise
-less demanded of them
table of specifications
A matrix with Content on one axis and Cognitive Performance on the other. Helps teachers assign how many questions to test on in exams.
Important Grading Practices
-maintain fairness
-defensible policies (be able to explain to parents/boss why you do them)
Tips for creating and enforcing rules
-Keep developmental stage in mind
-state rules in Do's, not Don'ts
-Avoid hostility in enforcing rules
-be specific
-older students benefit from helping etablish rules
Important intervention Strategies
--Be Immediate
--Be clear and direct
--Don't argue or negotiate
--don't take away from class time or embarrasss student
Assesments best for:
--Knowledge transmition
--Creative Application
--MC, T/F, Matching
--essays, open questions
--Portfolios, journal writing, term papers
--Enactive assessment

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