Glossary of Psych 308 2
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- Blooms Taxonomy
- Classification system developed to help teachers think about the objectives they write, the learning activities they design, and the assignments they prepare.
- Cognitive Objectives
- Focus on knowledge and understanding of facts, concepts, princibles, rules, skills, and problem solving.
Knowledge, compresension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation
- Affective Objectives
- focus on attitudes and vaules and the development of student's personal and emotional growth.
Receiving, responding, valuing, organizing, characterizing by value
- Self-determination theory
- Acknowledges that not all learning is intrinsically motivated.
great chances for long term sucess, but not all students reach it
- Self Regulation methods.
- Setting goals
- self efficacy
- learner's belief about their capacity to succeed on a spedific task.
- Strategies for decreasing cognitive load
- Chunking (18 95 61 74)
Automaticity (do it over and over)
Dual Processing (visual and auditory stimulation together)
- Time span things last in
- Visual: 1 second
Hearing: 4 seconds
- Erickson based his theory on this psychologist
- Scarcity Principle
- High grades are not available to everyone
- What makes a good example when explaining material?
- Characteristic of the concept is observable in the example
- What is the motivation for advancement in Maslow's Hieracrhy?
- Need for personal growth
- Cognative Strategies
- tools designed to help encode information
- When do you advance through stages in Erickson's classification?
- Changes in motivation.
Challenge is to overcome crises at each stage
- Factors in creating a Learning Enhancing environment
-enhancing task comprehension
-enticing instruction (get their attention, relate things to real life)
- Self Regulation is...
- the effort it takes to assume responsibility and control for one's own learning
- Characteristics of Expert Teachers
- -Have more content knowledge
-more pedagogical knowledge
-can think farther ahead, know how lessons integrate
-better public speakers
-better at improvising
- Things analyzed in Task Analysis
- Teacher Expectancies: How Low ability students are treated
- -called on less
-given less time to answer questoins
-get less praise
-less demanded of them
- table of specifications
- A matrix with Content on one axis and Cognitive Performance on the other. Helps teachers assign how many questions to test on in exams.
- Important Grading Practices
- -maintain fairness
-defensible policies (be able to explain to parents/boss why you do them)
- Tips for creating and enforcing rules
- -Keep developmental stage in mind
-state rules in Do's, not Don'ts
-Avoid hostility in enforcing rules
-older students benefit from helping etablish rules
- Important intervention Strategies
- --Be Immediate
--Be clear and direct
--Don't argue or negotiate
--don't take away from class time or embarrasss student
- Assesments best for:
- --MC, T/F, Matching
--essays, open questions
--Portfolios, journal writing, term papers
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