Glossary of Psych 3,4,6
Created by breeliz
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- learning always occurs as a result of
- two main types of behavioral learning
- 1) classical conditioning
2) operant conditioning
- if you salivate to a hamburger smell, learning theory would suggest you have formed an association based on...
- classical conditioning
- unconditioned stimulus is any stimulus that
- naturally elicits a reflexive behavior
- the initial learning stage in classical conditioning in which the neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with the unconditioned stimulus is known as
- after acquisition of classical conditioning the ______ now has the ability to elicit a response that resembles the UCR
- conditioned stimulus
- in operant conditioning, behavioral change is brought about by the manipulation of...
- _______ and _________ are consequences that alter the likelihood of behaviors
- rewards and punishments
- positive reinforcers _______ the likelihood of ensuing responses
- negative reinforcement involves...
- the removal of an aversive stimulus
- _______ refers to the term for any system that encodes, stores, and retrieves information
- the memory process of ______ involves the retention of information over time
- the three memory stages, in order of processing are
- 1) sensory
3) long term
- the capacity of working memory is about ______ items
- a _______ is any pattern or meaningful unit of information
- your memory of how much fun you had last spring break is an example of...
- episodic memory
- ________ most clearly resembles an encyclopedia in terms of its content
- semantic memory
- we are always aware of ________ memory whereas _________ memory may be incidentally learned
- explicit and implicit
- the nature-nurture controversy is primarily concerned with...
- the relative importance of heredity and environment
- Jane displayed no distress toward her mother when she left nor any happiness when she returned. This is best explained by which form of attachment?
- Rico is quite relaxed with his caregivers and is able to interact with strangers quite well. This is best explained by which form of attachment?
- in the process of ______ new information fits our earlier scheme whereas in __________, our scheme changes to fit new information
- assimilation and accommodation
- a child who has not mastered object permanence believes that...
- a hidden doll no longer exists