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Glossary of Prokaryotic Cells

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prokaryotic cells
bacteria & archaea
eukaryotic cells...
...have membrane-enclosed nuclei
prokarytotic cells lack...
nuclei
nucleoid region
area where prokaryotic cells' DNA is coiled with no membrane
ribosomes
these assemble amino acids into polypeptides
plasma membrane
this surrounds the contents of the prokaryotic cell from its environment
prokaryotic cell wall
this protects the cell & helps maintain its shape
capsule
this surrounds the cell wall & further protects it
pilus (pili)
short projections that help attach to surfaces
flagella
longer projections that propel
how is the nucleoid region unlike a nucleus?
there is no membrane enclosing the DNA

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