Glossary of Praxis Reading
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- Whole Language
- Uses only treade-book literature where words are never broken down or removed from context.
- Balanced Literacy Program
- Appropriately leveled readin materials
* often uses basal readers, decodable text, and daily encounters with fiction and non-fiction).
** Goal to have children become independent
- Eclectic Approach
- Teachers borrow elements from two or more approaches to create their own approach.
- Progressing from the parts of language (letters) to the whole word (meaning).
Letters + Words + Sentences + Paragraphs + Texts = Meaning
- Information and experiences the readers brings to pring drive the reading process rather than the print on the page.
- Emergent Literacy
- Becoming literate begins at birth and is a continuous, developmental process.
Social Learning Theory
- Zone of Proximal Development
- What a child can do alone and in collaboration with others.
- Study of language structure and how it is used by people to communicate.
- Study of how language is used and organized in the mind.
- Study of how language relates to human and societal behavior.
- Language Acquisition
- Study of how infants learn and use language to meet their needs and express their ideas.
- Constructing meaning from print based on prior knowledge and experience with the content.
- Syntactic Cueing
- Proper use of syntax
(sentence structure) to know what comes next.
- Decodable Text
- Uses highly controlled vocabulary to reinforce skills.
- Study of how language is used in society to satisfy the needs of human communication
- Prephonemic Stage
- Use of letters to represent meaning in writing.
- Scope and Sequence Chart
- Describes the reange of skills to be taught in the basal reader.
- Balanced Reading Program
- Reading TO, WITH, and BY the student.
- Reconciled Reading LEsson
- Teaching reading skills before reading and relationg them to the selection to be read.
- curricular practice of listing, teaching, and measuring reading skills in isolation from other skills.
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