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Glossary of Poetic Elements(Jargon)

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the repition of an initial consonant sound in two or more words of a line to produce a noticable artistic effect
Example:
The waves washed away the sand
alliteration
reference to another literary work, to another art, to history, to contemporary figures, etc.
Example:
He has a Napeolition complex.
He is Curley.
allusion
as distinguished from rhyme, the reptition of vowel sounds procceeded by unlike consonants
Example:
My jaw ached from the apple
assonance
a theme in many love poems, in which a lover is implored not to be hestiant in affection(lets do it now)
carpe diem
a poem in which the visual arrangement in which the letters and words suggest the meaning
Example:
a heart-shaped love peom
concrete peom
a two-line stanza, usually rhymed
Example:
Your soul I shall never miss
For I know I was your last kiss
couplet
a writer's choice of words
diction
rhymes at the end of lines of poetry
Example:
I noticed the sky was blue
As I watched the birds that flew
end rhyme
a fourteen line poem (rhyming abab cdcd efef gg)of three quartrains and a closing souplet
English or Shakespearean sonnet
a long narrative poem
epic
a rhyme in which he similarity of sounds is in both of the last two syllables
Example:
....he walked
....he talked
feminine rhyme
poetry that is both unrhymed and without a regular meter, although it may be more or less rythmical
free verse
an Oriental form of seveteen syllables in three lines of five, seven, and five syllables
Example:
Metaphorical
The butterflies fluttered on
Watch them fly away
haiku
formal literary language
high diction
an exaggeration; a statement that something is either much more or much less of a quality that it truly has
Example:
All the womens in town
Was gathered round me
hyperbole
rhyme that occurs in the middle of a line(or on the same line)
Whenever Richard Cory went Dotwn town
internal rhyme
a poem that is fourteen lines long, structured as follows: abba abba cdc cdc
Italian or Petrarchan sonnet
street language; simple or vulgar words
low diction
a highly concentrated poem of direct personal emotion, most often written in the first person
lyric
a figure of speech in which a person, an object, or an idea is imaginatively transformed
metaphor

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