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Glossary of Phonics and Spelling Rules

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o-i usually comes in the middle of a root word; o-y usually comes at the end of a root word
Example:
When there is one vowel in a word it usually says its short sound.
Example:
tub, fell, rat, lot, fit
When there are two vowels in a word, the first vowel says its long sound, and the second vowel is silent.
Example:
seat, time, vote, ate, tube
k/c rhyme: K comes before i and e; c before the other three- a, o, u.
Example:
ca/cap, ke/ke, ki/kit, co/coat, cu/cup
A suffix is a letter or group of letters added to a root word to make a new word.

Example:
A root word is a word from which other words are formed.

.
Example:

e in me, o in go, and y in fly usually come at the end of a short word. When e or o is the only vowel at the end of a short word, it usually says its long sound.
Example:
me, go, fly, be, so
A word may be divided into syllables between double constants, and between a rootword and a suffix if the suffix has a vowel sound.
Example:
sup/per
Example:
walk/ing
A long word may be divided between a vowel and a consonant. If a vowel comes at the end of a syllable, it is long. A vowel in the middle of a sylable is usually short.
Example:
mu/sic
The letter "a" at the beginning of a word usually says the short u sound.
Example:
adopt
When you hear the "k" sound at the end of a word, remember this spelling hint: c-k follows a short vowel, and k-e follows a long vowel.
Example:
Quick, pack,like, quake, cake
When a root word ends with a single consonant and the vowel is short, the consonant is usually doubled before adding a suffix begining with a vowel.
Example:
dig becomes digging

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