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Glossary of Parts of the Cell

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cell
-the basic unit of life and function in living things
cell membrane
-a cell structure that controls whcich substance can enter or leave the cell
Cell Wall
ONLY IN A PLANT CELL
-supportd plant,holds plant up
centrioles
controls cell division
chlorophyll
a- green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants
chloroplasts
ONLY IN PLANT CELLS
"food makers"
-have chlorophyll inside them(green pigments)
-using sunlight and energy to make food
chromosomes
-DNA-genetic material in the nucleus
-directs the activities of the cell and responsible for traits that are passed down to new cells
cytoplasm
-jelly-like
-holds organelles in place
ER-Endoplasmic Recticulum
-Passageway
-Transport system
-leads from the nucleus
Golgi Bodies
"Protein Packaging Plant"
-packages proteins and sends them to other parts
Lysosomes
"Digestive Center"
-small and round and break thing down
Mitochondria
"Power house"
-takes in sugar and makes energy from it
nuclear membrane
-doorway to nucleus
-outside of cell
-controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
nucleolus
site of ribosome foundation
nucleus
control center of the cell
organelles
-organs of the cell
-parts(structures) that make up a cell
ribosomes
-produce proteins
vacuoles
-stores food or water
-in plant cell there is one big water vacuole
selectively permeable
-cell membrane is selectively permeable
-lets certain subtances enter the cell and doesn't let other substances
transport
movement of cells across the cell membrane
passive transport
-doesn't use energy
-engulfing
active transport
-uses energy
-diffusion
-osomosis

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