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Glossary of PSAT vocab

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diligence
hard work
enhance
improve; compliment; make more attractive
futile
worthless; unprofitable
inclined
apt to; likely to; angled
levity
silliness; lack of seriousness
partisan
1. supporter; follower; 2. biased; one sided
redundant
reptitious; unnecessary
discerning
distinguishing one thing from another
enigma
mystery
glutton
overeater
incoherent
illogical; rambling
lucid
shining; easily understood
perceptive
full of insight; aware
refute
challenge; disprove
discord
disagreement; lack of harmony
ephemeral
beginning and ending in a day, momentary, fleeting
grandiose
flamboyant; extravagant
incompatible
disagreeing; disharmonious
magnanimous
forgiving; unselfish
peripheral
marginal; outer
relegate
to banish; to put to a lower position
discriminating
able to distinguish
equivocal
uncertain
gravity
seriousness
incredulous
unwilling to believe; skeptical
malicious
spiteful; vindictive
perniciuos
dangerous; harmful
relevant
of concern; significant
disdain
intense dislike; to look down upon; to scorn
erratic
unpredictable; strange
guile
slyness; deceit
indifferent
unconcerned
marred
damaged
pessimism
gloominess; hopelessness
remorse
guilt; sorrow
disparage
to belittle; to undervalue
erroneous
untrue; inacurate
gullible
easily fooled
indolent
lazy; inactive
meander
to wind on a course; to go aimlessly
phenomenon
1. miracle; 2. occurence
reprehensible
wicked; disgraceful
disparity
difference in form, character, or degree
esoteric
incomprehensible; obscure
hackneyed
to make trite or commonplace
indulgent
lenient; patient
melancholy
depression; gloom
philanthropy
charity; unselfishness
repudiate
to reject; to cancel
dispassionate
lack of feeling; impartial
euphony
pleasant sound
hamper
to interfere with; to hinder
inevitable
sure to happen; unavoidable
meticulous
exacting; precise
pious
religious; devout; dedicated
rescind
to retract; to discard
disperse
to scatter; to separate
abbreviate
to shorten; to reduce by contraction or omission
antagonist
opponent; combatant; adversary
assiduous
devoted; attentive; unremitting
asylum
sanctuary; place of refuge and protection
benevolent
kind; generous
censure
to find fault with; condemn; to blame
collaborate
join forces; cooperate
conformist
one who conforms or complies
convergence
joining or coming together of separate elements
deleterious
hurtful; noxious; destructive
demagogue
a leader of the rabble; mob orator
empathy
understanding and entering into another’s feelings
florid
bright in color, flushed red
frugal
economical in the use or appropriation of flowers
gaudy
ostentatiously fine but tawdry
integrity
honesty; free from corrupting influence or motive
jubilation
rejoicing, exultation
lobbyist
someone who tries to persuade legislators to vote for bills they favor
mundane
commonplace; ordinary
nonchalant
indifferent; careless
orator
public speaker; one who is eloquent
precocious
mature before proper or natural times
pretentious
make claim to be important; tawdry or vulgar display
prosaic
tiresome; ordinary
querulous
given to quarreling
rancorous
showing deep-seated resentment
renovation
repaired; renewed
resilient
rebounding; recoiling
sagacity
shrewdness; wisdom; acuteness of senses
spurious
false; not genuine
superficial
lying on the surface; shallow; not deep
tenacious
holding fast; inclined to retain possession
venerable
deserving of honor and respect
vindicate
defend; avenge; to assert a right to
wary
cautious of danger; circumspect; careful
abstract
not easy to understand; theoretical
adamant
not yielding; firm
advocate
to plead in favor of; -supporter; defender
alleviate
to lessen or make easier
altercation
controversy; dispute
amass
to collect together; to accumulate
ambivalent
undecided
amiable
friendly
anarchist
one who believes that a formal government is unnecessary
appease
to make quiet; to calm
arbitrary
based on one's preference or judgment
articulate
1. to speak distinctly; 2. eloquent; fluent; 3. capable of speech; 4. to hinge; to connect; 5. to convey; to express effectively
astute
cunning; sly; crafty
audacious
fearless; bold
austere
harsh; severe; strict
authoritarian
acting as a dictator; demanding obedience
belittle
to make small; to think lightly of
biased
prejudiced; influenced; not neutral
blithe
happy; cheery; merry
candid
honest; truthful; sincere
caustic
burning; sarcastic; harsh
coalesce
to combine; to come together
compatible
in agreement with; harmonious
compliant
yielding; obedient
acclaim
loud approval; applause
adversary
an enemy; foe
aesthetic
showing good taste; artistic
aloof
distant in interest; reserved; cool
altruistic
unselfish
ambiguous
not clear; uncertain; vague
ameliorate
to make better; to improve
amorphous
having no determinate form
apathy
lack of emotion or interest
apprehensive
fearful; aware; conscious
arrogant
acting superior to others; conceited
assess
to estimate the value of
atrophy
to waste away through lack of nutrition
augment
to increase or add to; to make larger
authentic
real; genuine; trustworthy
banal
common; petty; ordinary
benefactor
one who helps others; a donor
benign
mild; harmless
blasphemous
irreligious; away from acceptable standards
brevity
briefness; shortness
capricious
changeable; fickle
censor
to examine and delete objectionable material
charlatan
an imposter; fake
complacent
content; self-satisfied; smug
comprehensive
all-inclusive; complete; thorough
compromise
to settle by mutual adjustment
concede
1.to acknowledge; to admit; 2. to surrender; to abandon one's position
concise
in few words; brief; condensed
condescend
to come down from one's position or dignity
condone
to overlook; to forgive
conspicuous
easy to see; noticeable
consternation
amazement or terror that causes confusion
consummation
the completion; finish
contemporary
living or happening at the same time; modern
acquiesce
to agree or consent to an opinion
contempt
scorn; disrespect
contrite
regretful; sorrowful
conventional
traditional; common; routine
cower
to crouch down in fear or shame
defamation
to harm a name or reputation; to slander
deference
yielding to the opinion of another
deliberate
1. to consider carefully; to weigh in the mind; 2. intentional
denounce
to speak out against; to condemn
depict
to portray in words; to present a visual image
deplete
to reduce; to empty
depravity
moral corruption; badness
deride
to ridicule; to laugh at with scorn
disseminate
to circulate; to scatter
haphazard
disorganized; random
infamous
having a bad reputation; notorious
minute
extremely small; tiny
placate
pacify
resignation
1. quitting; 2. submission
dissent
to disagree; to differ in opinion
execute
1. to put to death; to kill; 2. to carry out; to fulfill
hedonistic
pleasure seeking
infer
to form an opinion; to conclude
miser
penny pincher; stingy person
plausible
probable; feasible
resolution
proposal; promise; determination
dissonance
harsh contradiction
exemplary
outstanding; serving as an example
heed
to obey
initiate
1. to begin; to admit into a group; 2. a person who is in the process of being admitted into a group
mitigate
to alleviate; to lessen; to soothe
pragmatic
matter-of-fact; practical
respite
recess; rest period
diverse
different; dissimilar
exhaustive
thorough; complete
heresy
opinion contrary to popular belief
innate
natural; inborn
morose
moody; despondent
preclude
inhibit; make impossible
reticent
silent; reserved; shy
document
oficial paper containing information; to support; to substantiate; to verify
expedient
helpful; practical; worthwhile
hindrance
blockage; obstacle
innocuous
harmless; innocent
negligence
carelessness
predecessor
one who has occupied an office before another
reverent
respectful
dogmatic
stubborn; biased; opinionated
expedite
to speed up
humility
modesty
innovate
to introduce a change; to depart from the old
neutral
impartial; unbiased
prodigal
wasteful; lavish
rhetorical
having to do with verbal communication
dubious
doubtful; uncertain; skeptical; suspicious
explicit
specific; definite
insipid
uninteresting; bland
nostalgic
longing for the past; filled with bittersweet memories
prodigious
exceptional; tremendous
rigor
severity
eccentric
odd; peculiar; strange
extol
to praise; to commend
hypocritical
two faced; deceptive
instigate
to start; to provoke
extraneous
irrelevant; not related; not essential
hypothetical
assumed
intangible
incapable of being touched; immaterial
profound
deep; knowledgeable; thorough
sagacious
wise; cunning
efface
to wipe out; to erase
facilitate
to make easier
illuminate
to make understand
ironic
contradictory; inconsistent; sarcastic
novel
new
fallacious
misleading
illusory
unreal; false; deceptive
irrational
not logical
nullify
to cancel; to invalidate
sanguine
1. optimistic; cheerful; 2. red
effervescence
liveliness; spirit; enthusiasm; bubbliness
fanatic
extremist
immune
protected; unthreatened by
jeopardy
danger
objective
1. open minded; impartial; 2. goal
profusion
great amount; abundance
saturate
to soak thoroughly; to drench
egocentric
self-centered
fastidious
fussy; hard to please
immutable
unchangeable; permanent
kindle
ignite; arouse
obscure
not easily understood; dark
scanty
inadequate; sparse
elaboration
addition of details
fervent
passionate; intense
impartial
unbiased; fair
languid
weak; fatigued

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