Glossary of PLS 2
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- Oversight Function
- A supervisory activity of congress that centers on its consitutional responsibility to see that the exectutive branch carries out the laws faithfully and sends appropriations proberly
- Representation function
- the responsibility of a legislature to represent various interests in society
- 100 members, must be 30 years of age
- House of Represnatives
- 435 members, represnation of states based on population, must be 25 years of age.
- Characteristics of memebers of Congress
- 40% of the membes are lawyers, usually of smaller firms. Highly educated upper middle class, minorities have grown, however whites is still overwheliming, only 15% women.
- Evolution of Congress
- 100 years ago, congress was made up of people who only served a couple years, now once you're in congress, it's very hard to loose your seat. They usually want to stay in washington once they geth their seat, since it's so hard to get in the first place.
- Pork-Barrel projects
- referring to legislature that funds a special project for a particular locale, such as a new highway or hospital. Incubent can deliever this, it helps to explain why incubent appear in media.
- Advantages of having people in congress stay in congress
- not a bad thing to have people in congress that know whattheir doing and are good at it.
- Disadvantages of having people in congress stay in congress.
- no new blood, many americans believe in term limits, but it will probally never become a law because congress has to pass it.
- The reallocation of house seats among states after each census as a result of population changes
- The process of altering election districts in order to make them as nearly equal in population as possible. This takes place every 10 years after every population census.
- The process by which the party in power draws election district boundries in a way that advanteages its canidate.
- What event has made redistricing more controversial in recent years?
- Texas in 2003, the republicans won majority in 2001, but then redrew the lines again in 2003.
- Speaker of the house
- Only leadership position stated in the consitution. They assign bills to certain committess. 3rd person in line to become president if the president passes while in office.
- Current Speaker of the House
- Denice Haster
- Majority Leader
- corninates strategy for the republicans
- Current Majority Leader
- Jon Banner
- Minority Leader
- Represntation of the democrats
- Current Minority Leader
- Nancy Paloski
- Minority/Majority Whip
- Someone who is responsible for going out and spoles person between base and leaders.
- Current Majority Whip
- Roy Blunt
- Presiding officer
- Vice president, only breaks ties.
- Current Presiding officer
- Dick Channey
- President Pro Tempor
- Leader of senate when presiding officer is absent
- Current President pro tempor
- Ted Stevens
- Majority Leader Of senate
- the most powerful person in senate, heades the majority party caucus. Voice in chamber, position much like speaker of the house.
- Standing Committees
- Permanent congressional committess with responsiblity for a particular area of public policy. 15-20 in each House
- Memebership of committees
- all have a majority of republicans, members of congress look for assignments that will bring pork-barrel back to their state. Each committee is led by a chair that will decide if and when an issue will be runed into a bill. The chair is picked based on senority only!
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