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Glossary of PCAT Vocab

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aberrant
Markedly different from an accepted norm.
aberration
Deviation from a right, customary, or prescribed course.
abet
To aid, promote, or encourage the commission of (an offense).
abeyance
A state of suspension or temporary inaction.
abjure
To recant, renounce, repudiate under oath.
ablution
A washing or cleansing, especially of the body.
abrogate
To abolish, repeal.
abscond
To depart suddenly and secretly, as for the purpose of escaping arrest.
abstemious
Characterized by self denial or abstinence, as in the use of drink, food.
abstruse
Dealing with matters difficult to be understood.
abut
To touch at the end or boundary line.
accede
To agree.
acquiesce
To comply
acrid
Harshly pungent or bitter.
acumen
Quickness of intellectual insight, or discernment
adage
An old saying.
adamant
Any substance of exceeding hardness or impenetrability.
admonition
Gentle reproof.
adumbrate
To represent beforehand in outline or by emblem.
affable
Easy to approach.
aggrandize
To cause to appear greatly.
aggravate
To make heavier, worse, or more burdensome.
agile
Able to move or act quickly, physically, or mentally.
agog
In eager desire.
alacrity
Cheerful willingness.
alcove
A covered recess connected with or at the side of a larger room.
alleviate
To make less burdensome or less hard to bear.
aloof
Not in sympathy with or desiring to associate with others.
amalgamate
To mix or blend together in a homogeneous body.
ambidextrous
Having the ability of using both hands with equal skill or ease.
ambiguous
Having a double meaning.
ameliorate
To relieve, as from pain or hardship
anathema
Anything forbidden, as by social usage.
animadversion
The utterance of criticism or censure.
animosity
Hatred.
antediluvian
Of or pertaining to the times, things, events before the great flood in the days of Noah.
antidote
Anything that will counteract or remove the effects of poison, disease, or the like.
aplomb
Confidence
apocryphal
Of doubtful authority or authenticity.
apogee
The climax.
apostate
False.
apotheosis
Deification.
apparition
Ghost.
appease
To soothe by quieting anger or indignation.
apposite
Appropriate.
apprise
To give notice to
approbation
Sanction.
arboreal
Of or pertaining to a tree or trees.
ardor
Intensity of passion or affection.
argot
A specialized vocabulary peculiar to a particular group.
arrant
Notoriously bad.
ascetic
Given to severe self-denial and practicing excessive abstinence and devotion.
ascribe
To assign as a quality or attribute.
asperity
Harshness or roughness of temper.
assiduous
Unceasing
assuage
To cause to be less harsh, violent, or severe, as excitement, appetite, pain, or disease.
astringent
Harsh in disposition or character.
astute
Keen in discernment.
atonement
Amends, reparation, or expiation made from wrong or injury.
audacious
Fearless.
augury
Omen
auspicious
Favorable omen
austere
Severely simple
autocrat
Any one who claims or wields unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence.
auxiliary
One who or that which aids or helps, especially when regarded as subsidiary or accessory.
avarice
Passion for getting and keeping riches.
aver
To avouch, justify or prove
aversion
A mental condition of fixed opposition to or dislike of some particular thing.
avow
To declare openly.
baleful
Malignant.
banal
Commonplace.
bask
To make warm by genial heat.
beatify
To make supremely happy.
bedaub
To smear over, as with something oily or sticky.
bellicose
Warlike.
belligerent
Manifesting a warlike spirit.
benefactor
A doer of kindly and charitable acts.
benevolence
Any act of kindness or well-doing.
benign
Good and kind of heart.
berate
To scold severely.
bewilder
To confuse the perceptions or judgment of.
blandishment
Flattery intended to persuade.
blatant
Noisily or offensively loud or clamorous.
blithe
Joyous.
boisterous
Unchecked merriment or animal spirits.
bolster
To support, as something wrong.
bombast
Inflated or extravagant language, especially on unimportant subjects.
boorish
Rude.
breach
The violation of official duty, lawful right, or a legal obligation.
brittle
Fragile.
broach
To mention, for the first time.
bumptious
Full of offensive and aggressive self-conceit.
buoyant
Having the power or tendency to float or keep afloat.
burnish
To make brilliant or shining.
cabal
A number of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some private purpose.
cacophony
A disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or combination of sounds or tones.
cajole
To impose on or dupe by flattering speech.
callow
Without experience of the world.
calumny
Slander.
candid
Straightforward.
cant
To talk in a singsong, preaching tone with affected solemnity.
capacious
Roomy.
capitulate
To surrender or stipulate terms.
captious
Hypercritical.
castigate
To punish.
cataract
Opacity of the lens of the eye resulting in complete or partial blindness.
caustic
Sarcastic and severe.
censure
To criticize severely
centurion
A captain of a company of one hundred infantry in the ancient Roman army.
chagrin
Keen vexation, annoyance, or mortification, as at one's failures or errors.
chary
Careful
chicanery
The use of trickery to deceive.
circumlocution
Indirect or roundabout expression.
coddle
To treat as a baby or an invalid.
coerce
To force.
coeval
Existing during the same period of time
cogent
Appealing strongly to the reason or conscience.
cogitate
Consider carefully and deeply
cognizant
Taking notice.
colloquial
Pertaining or peculiar to common speech as distinguished from literary.
collusion
A secret agreement for a wrongful purpose.
comestible
Fit to be eaten.
commemorate
To serve as a remembrance of.
complaisance
Politeness.
complement
To make complete.
comport
To conduct or behave (oneself).
compunction
Remorseful feeling.
conceit
Self-flattering opinion.
conciliatory
Tending to reconcile.
concord
Harmony.
concur
To agree.
condense
To abridge.
conflagration
A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like.
confluence
The place where streams meet.
congeal
To coagulate.
conjoin
To unite.
connoisseur
A critical judge of art, especially one with thorough knowledge and sound judgment of art.
console
To comfort.
conspicuous
Clearly visible.
consternation
Panic.
constrict
To bind.
consummate
To bring to completion.
contiguous
Touching or joining at the edge or boundary.
contrite
Broken in spirit because of a sense of sin.
contumacious
Rebellious.
copious
Plenteous.
cornucopia
The horn of plenty, symbolizing peace and prosperity.
corporeal
Of a material nature
correlate
To put in some relation of connection or correspondence.
corroboration
Confirmation.
counterfeit
Made to resemble something else.
countervail
To offset.
covert
Concealed, especially for an evil purpose.
cower
To crouch down tremblingly, as through fear or shame.
crass
Coarse or thick in nature or structure, as opposed to thin or fine.
credulous
Easily deceived.
cupidity
Avarice.
cursory
Rapid and superficial.
curtail
To cut off or cut short.
cynosure
That to which general interest or attention is directed.
dearth
Scarcity, as of something customary, essential ,or desirable.
defer
To delay or put off to some other time.
deign
To deem worthy of notice or account.
deleterious
Hurtful, morally or physically.
delineate
To represent by sketch or diagram.
deluge
To overwhelm with a flood of water.
demagogue
An unprincipled politician.
denizen
Inhabitant.
denouement
That part of a play or story in which the mystery is cleared up.
deplete
To reduce or lessen, as by use, exhaustion, or waste.
deposition
Testimony legally taken on interrogatories and reduced to writing, for use as evidence in court.
deprave
To render bad, especially morally bad.
deprecate
To express disapproval or regret for, with hope for the opposite.
deride
To ridicule.
derision
Ridicule.
derivative
Coming or acquired from some origin.
descry
To discern.
desiccant
Any remedy which, when applied externally, dries up or absorbs moisture, as that of wounds.
desuetude
A state of disuse or inactivity.
desultory
Not connected with what precedes.
deter
To frighten away.
dexterity
Readiness, precision, efficiency, and ease in any physical activity or in any mechanical work.
diaphanous
Transparent.
diatribe
A bitter or malicious criticism.
didactic
Pertaining to teaching.
diffidence
Self-distrust.
diffident
Affected or possessed with self-distrust.
dilate
To enlarge in all directions.
dilatory
Tending to cause delay.
disallow
To withhold permission or sanction.
discomfit
To put to confusion.
disconcert
To disturb the composure of.
disconsolate
Hopelessly sad
discountenance
To look upon with disfavor.
discredit
To injure the reputation of.
discreet
Judicious.
disheveled
Disordered
dissemble
To hide by pretending something different.
disseminate
To sow or scatter abroad, as seed is sown.
dissent
Disagreement.
dissolution
A breaking up of a union of persons.
distraught
Bewildered.
divulge
To tell or make known, as something previously private or secret.
dogmatic
Making statements without argument or evidence.
dormant
Being in a state of or resembling sleep.
dubious
Doubtful.
duplicity
Double-dealing.
earthenware
Anything made of clay and baked in a kiln or dried in the sun.
ebullient
Showing enthusiasm or exhilaration of feeling.
edacious
Given to eating.
edible
Suitable to be eaten.
educe
To draw out.
effete
Exhausted, as having performed its functions.
efficacy
The power to produce an intended effect as shown in the production of it.
effrontery
Unblushing impudence.
effulgence
Splendor.
egregious
Extreme.
egress
Any place of exit.
elegy
A lyric poem lamenting the dead.
elicit
To educe or extract gradually or without violence.
elucidate
To bring out more clearly the facts concerning.
emaciate
To waste away in flesh.
embellish
To make beautiful or elegant by adding attractive or ornamental features.
embezzle
To misappropriate secretly.
emblazon
To set forth publicly or in glowing terms.
encomium
A formal or discriminating expression of praise.
encumbrance
A burdensome and troublesome load.
endemic
Peculiar to some specified country or people.
enervate
To render ineffective or inoperative.
engender
To produce.
engrave
To cut or carve in or upon some surface.
enigma
A riddle.
enmity
Hatred.
entangle
To involve in difficulties, confusion, or complications.
entreat
To ask for or request earnestly.
Epicurean
Indulging, ministering, or pertaining to daintiness of appetite.
epithet
Word used adjectivally to describe some quality or attribute of is objects, as in "Father Aeneas".
epitome
A simplified representation.
equable
Equal and uniform
equanimity
Calmness
equilibrium
A state of balance.
equivocal
Ambiguous.
equivocate
To use words of double meaning.
eradicate
To destroy thoroughly.
errant
Roving or wandering, as in search of adventure or opportunity for gallant deeds.
erratic
Irregular.
erroneous
Incorrect.
erudite
Very-learned.
eschew
To keep clear of.

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