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Glossary of Organic Functional Groups

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Alkanes
R-H, all single bonds
Alkenes
conatains at least one C=C
Alkynes
contains at least one Carbon to Carbon triple bond
Arenes
benzene containing compounds
Toluene
-CH3
Phenol
-OH
Phenolate
-O(-)
TNT
-NO2 (3) and a -CH3
Picric Acid
-NO2 (3) and a -OH
Alcohols
R-OH
Thiols
R-SH
Ethers
R-O-R
Thioethers
R-S-R
Amines
R-NH2
Nitriles
R-C---N (triple bond)
Alkyl Halides
R-X
Carbonyl goup
C=O
Aldehyde
-R and -H
Ketone
-R and -R
Carbosylic acid
-R and -OH
Ester
-R and -OR
Amide
-R and -NH2

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