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Glossary of Organic Chemistry Functional Groups

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alkane
C-H single bonds
alkene
C-H with at least one double bond
Alkyl Halide
Contains a halogen and single bonds
Alcohol
C-H's single bonded to an OH
Aldehyde
an oxygen is double bonded to a carbon which is attached to a hydrogen and a carbon group
Alkyne
C-H with at least one triple bond
Amide
Double bonded Oxygen with a nitrogen off of the carbon
Amine
Nitrogen and C-H's with only single bonds
Acid Anhydride
two oxygens are bonded to carbons that share a third oxygen
Arene
C-H forms a ring with alternating double bonds
Carboxylic Acid
an oxygen is double bonded to a carbon which is bonded to an OH and a carbon group
Epoxide
Two Carbons are bonded to the Oxygen and each other
Ester
an oxygen is double bonded to a carbon that is bonded to another oxygen
Ether
Oxygen is bonded to two unconnected C-H groups
Ketone
The oxygen is double bonded to a carbon which is attached to two carbon groups
Nitrile
C-H's with a triple bond to Nitrogen
Thiol
Sulfur is single bonded to hydrogen and one carbon group
Acyl halide
an oxygen is double bonded to a carbon which is attached to a halogen and a carbon group
Nitroalkane
an nitrogen double bonded to an oxygen, single bonded to another oxygen, and single bonded to a carbon group

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