Glossary of OT Psych (continued)
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- The DSM IV's Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scales is coded 0-100. Is a person functioning at a higher level with a low score or high score?
- Paranoide, Disorganized, Catatonic, Undifferentiated and Residual are all subtypes of what disorder?
- What type of schizophrenia often times involves auditory hallucinations?
- Paranoid schizophrenia
- When is the onset of schizophrenia typically?
- between early adolescence adn mid thirties
- If a person meets the criteria of schizophrenia, but his episodes last more than one month but less than 6 months required for the diagnosis of schizophrenia, this person is said to have what...
- Schizophreniaform disorder
- A person that has the symptoms of Schzophrenia as well as either a major depressive episonde, a manic episode or a mized episode is said to have what?
- Schizoaffective disorder
- What does the treatment of schizophrenia mainly consist of?
- anitpsychotic medications and a structured supportive environment
- Dry mouth, blurry vision, photosensitivity, constipation, orthostatic hypotension, parkinsonism, dystonias, akathisias, tardive dyskinesia, and cardiovascular disorders are all side effects of what type of meds?
- Antipsychotic medications
(i.e. Mellaril, Thorazine, Prolixin, Stelazine, Trilafon, Haldol, Navane
- Major Depressive disorder, Bipolar I and II, Dysthymia, and Cyclothymic are all examples of what specific disorder?
- Mood Disorders
- Bipolar I consist of one or more______ episodes, where Bipolar II consist of one or more _________ episodes.
- Bipolar I--Manic
Bipolar II--Major Depressive
- With a diagnosis of Bipolar II, one must have one or more major depressive episodes, as well as at least one _________ episode.
- A person has had 2 years of a depressed mood, most days with depressive symptoms that are not severe enough to meet the criteria for a major depressive episode. What is her diagnosis?
- A person has had numerous periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms that do not meet the criteria for manic episode or a major depressive episode. What is likely his diagnosis?
- Cyclothymic disorder
- A distict period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood lasting for at least one week is known as...
- manic episode
- A 2 week period of depressed mood or loss of interest is known as...
- Major Depressive Episode
- What is the diagnostic criteria for substance abuse?
- there must be continued use despite serious consequences
- Anxiety about being in places for which escape would be difficult or embarrasing is known as...
- When do anxiety disorders often begin?
- In childhood
- Personality disorders are grouped into Clusters. What does Cluster A consist of? How are these people perceived?
- Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal disorders; perceived as odd and eccentric
- Anitsocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic personality disorders are involved in what Personality disorder cluster? How are these people perceived?
- Cluster B; perceived as dramatic, emotional, erratic
- What personality disorder cluster do avoidant, dependent, and obsessive compulsive disorders fit into and how are these people perceived?
- Cluster C; anxious and fearful
- A child who is negativistic, hostile, and defiant resulting in functional impairment is diagnosed with what?
- Oppositional defiant disorder
- Disregard for the rights of others leading to aggression toward people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness, theft, or serious violation of rules is known as....
- Conduct disorder
- Oppositional defiant disorder often times progresses to what disorder?
- Conduct disorder
- What types of techniques are most effective forms of intervention with adolecents who have disruptive behavior disorders?
- Behavioral techniques
- Which eating disorder typically begins later than the other?
- Bulimia begins later in life than anorexia
- When does Autism occur?
- from birth up to age 3
- Is autism more common in boys or girls?
- boys--4 times more!
- What pervasive developmental disorder occurs only in girls where deterioration occurs after a period of normal development?
- Rett's Syndrome
- A child who has on IQ in the range of 55-69 and requires minimal support is said to have what type of MR?
- Mild Mental retardation
- A child with an IQ range of 40-54 and is working on skills to work in a sheltered workshop is said to have what type of MR?
- Moderate Mental Retardation
- Individuals with an IQ of 25-39 and require supervised living are people with ______ MR.
- IQ below 25 would classify one with ______ MR.
- An OT who is focusing on helpign the individual gain communication skills and some basic health habits is likely working with a client with _______ MR.
- An OT working with a client to develop social and vocational skils to function adequately is likely working with what type of MR?
- Mild MR
- An infant who is over active, difficult to soothe when crying and demonstrate poor sleeping habits is likely to be diagnosed with what in childhood?
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