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Glossary of Nursing meds for diabetes

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glimepiride (Amaryl)
sulfonyureas - incr insulin production in pancreas; SE hypoglycemia
glyburide (DiaBeta)
sulfonyureas - incr insulin production in pancreas; SE hypoglycemia
glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL)
sulfonyureas - incr insulin production in pancreas; SE hypoglycemia
rosiglitazone (Avandia)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) - insulin sensitizer at muscles SE: fluid retention
pioglitazone (Actos)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) - insulin receptor agonist "glitazone" insulin sensitizer SE: fluid retention
metformin (Glucophage)
biguanides - less hepatic glucose prod; incr glucose uptake & use in muscle. SE - lactic acidosis
acarbose (Precose)
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors -blocks glucose absorption from intestine
miglitol (Glyset)
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors -blocks glucose absorption from intestine
repaglinide (Prandin)
meglitinides - stimulates insulin release; SE hypoglycemia
nateglinide (Starlix)
meglitinides - stimulates insulin release; SE hypoglycemia
glyburide and metformin (Glucovance)
combination sulfonyurea & biguanide
glucagon (GlucaGen)
pancreatic hormones - increases plasma level of glucose (opposite effect of insulin)
50% dextrose IV
sugar solution for treatment of hypoglycemia
insulin aspart (NovoLog)
pancreatics - short duration, rapid acting
insulin lispro (Humalog)
pancreatics - short duration, rapid acting
insulin glulisine (Apidra)
pancreatics - short duration, rapid acting
regular insulin (Human-HumulinR, Novolin R)
pancreatics - short duration, slower acting
insulin NPH - neutral protamine hagedorn insulin suspension (Humulin N)
pancreatics - intermediate duration
insulin Lente zinc insulin suspension (Humulin L)
pancreatics - intermediate duration
insulin Ultralente - zinc suspension extended (Novolin U)
pancreatics - long duration
insulin glargine (Lantus)
pancreatics - long duration
insulin detemir (Levemir)
pancreatics - long duration
NPH insulin 70%/ regular insulin 30% (Humulin 70/30, Novolin 70/30)
pancreatics, premixed combinations

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