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Glossary of Nursing concepts 6

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How does Gonorrhea cause sterility in females?
obstruction SCARRING of the fallopian tubes.
What is the therapeutic action of zidovudine(AZT)
It inhibits or slows replication of virus.
What is the most common complication of HIV/AIDS?
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
What STD can be tested for by blood?
Syphilis
How is Hepatitis A transmitted?
Fecal/oral rout.
How is Hepatitis C transmitted?
Blood and body fluids.
Which healthcare worker is most at risk for contracting Hep C?
Phlebotomist
What vaccine shoud you not give a 10 year old immunocompromised pt?
Live Vaccine
What nursing intervention can you use to decrease muscle spasms and promote healing?
Apply a warm compress.
What increases muscle spasms and delays healing?
cold.
What is the first sign of Syphillis?
A painless chancre.
What is the hallmark sign of a Urinary tract infection(UTI)?
Frequency.
What is the purpose of the Mantoux test?
Test large populations for exposure to TB.
What medication is used to treat Streptoccocus?
Penicillin. Erythromycin if pt. is allergic to Penicillin.
What is indicative of Measles Rubela?
Koplik spots
What is the most debilitating Manifastation of mononucleosis?
Fatigue
What is the most common symptom of a Strep infection?
Soar throat.
What is the complication to strep throat(acute pharygitis)?
Glomerulonephritis.
What equipment should the the Nurse have at the bedside for a pt. with epiglotitis?
Tracheostomy equipment.
What is the causative organism for epiglottitis?
Meningitis.
What are the SX of Meningitis?
Headache, nuchal rigidity, Kernig's sign.
What agent is used to treat Varicella?
Zoster Vaccine.
What causes Mumps?
An inflamation of the salivary glands.
What lab value will be elevated in an inflammatory diseas such as rheumatoid arthritis of lupus?
The Erythrocyte sedimnentation rate(ESR).
What are the signs and symptoms of Lupus?
Butterfly rash.
What organism causes Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatoid Arthitis?
Strep AB
What should be monitord in electrical burn pts?
Monitor for cardiac arrhymias.
What should pts. with allergies to insect stings avoid?
Wearing bright clothing, perfumes, walking barefoot.
What is the bennefit to Buck's traction?
Decreases muscle spasms
What diet promotes wound healing?
Vitamin C, protein, Iron
What causes Myesthenia Gravis?
A deficinency of acetylcholine.
What position should a patient be in when having a seizure?
Lateral.
GRAM NEGATIVE SEPSIS.
second phase: classic sign of shock including decreased urinary output.
PYELONEPHRITIS.
priority dx altered comfort related to inflammatory process.
BULB SYRINGE.
suction of infant-compress syringe prior to inserting in nostril.
INFECTION
infant response tends to be generalized ex may have diahrrhea with a URI.
URINARY TRACT INFECTION
evidence RX has been effective colony count < 100,000/ml.
UTI
frequency indicator/common sx of UTI.
SCARLET FEVER
white tongue, red papillae diffuse red rash under joint folds.
MEASLES
koplick spots on buccal muccosa-maculopapular red rash begins on face spreads downward(onset few days after koplics
RUBELLA
pink maculopapular rashon face first moves downward.
CHICKEN POX-VARICELLA
puritic rash centripetal rash spreads to face and proximal extremities, sparse on distal limbs and areas exposeed to heat.
SYPHILLIS
primary lesion painless chancre.
ANTIBIOTICS
administerat re intervals to maintain constant sserum levels of the med and increase effectiveness(good point ofr pt teaching.
BUCKS TRACTION
used to releive muscle spasms, immobilize the leg and releivepain prior to hip surgery for fx hip.
TRACTION
maintained all times, even during transport-assure the wts hang freely.
WET CAST
handle with palms fingertips can cause dents which may lead to pressure on casted tissues.
ISOMETRIC EXCERSISES
help maintain muscle tone in pts with casts.
PROM MAINTAIN ROM
circulation in body part when pt unable to move
BABINSKIS NORMAL
toes fan out and draw together when the sole of foot is stroked.
INCREASED ICP 1ST SIGN
decreasing arousability
CVA NSG DX
impaired verbal communication R/T ahasia.
PRIORITY DX IN PEDS PT WITH DIAHRRHEAL DISEASE/INFECTION.
fluid volume deficit

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