Glossary of Nursing II - Mental Health (Grace)
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- What are side effects of antipsychotic drugs?
- Increased blood prolactin level
- Avoid driving as antipsychotics may cause?
- Side effects of antipsychotics?
- extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS)
such as dystonia, pseudoparkinsonism, and akathisia
- To ease dry mouth caused by antipsychotics, advise patient to?
- drink sugar-free fluids and eat sugar-freee hard candy
- Antipsychotic drugs or neuroleptics treat?
- delusions and hallucinations
- The black box warning for antipsychotics states?
- Droperidol, Thioridazine, and Meseridazone may lengthen the QT interval leading to potentially life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias or cardiac arrest
- To ease constipation caused by antipsychotics, the nurse may advise patient to
- increase water and bulk
- Discuss Frederick S. Peris and the Gestalt therapy?
- a therapy focusing on the identification of feelings in the here and now, which leads to self-acceptance
- What is logos?
- the search for meaning in life
- Discuss Vicktor Frankl and logotherapy?
- a therapy designed to help individuals assume personal responsibility
- Discuss Albert Ellis and rational emotive therapy?
- founder of rational emotive therapy; identified 11 "irrational beliefs" that are used to become unhappy
- Discuss cognitive therapy?
- a form of existentialism; focuses on immediate thought precessing and how a person perceives or interprest experiences and determines feelings and behavior
- What are existential theories?
- behavioral deviations resulting when a person is out of touch with his environment
- What is systematic desensitization?
- used to help clients overcome irrational fears and anxiety associated with a phobia
- What is behavior modification?
- method of attempting to strengthen a desired behavior or respond by reinforcement, either positive or negative
- Discuss B.F. Skinner and Operant Conditioning?
- people learn their behavior from history or past experiences
- Discuss Ivan Pavlov and classical conditioning?
- ring a bell and offer the smell of food to a salivating dog; then remove the food, ring the bell, and dog salivates
- What are 3 factors influencing crisis?
- perception of event;
availability of emotional supports; availability of adequate coping mechanisms
- What is a situational crisis?
- unanticipated or sudden events that threaten the individual's integrity such as the death of a loved one, loss of a job, and physical or emotional illness in the individual of family member
- What is an advenititious crisis?
- sometimes called social crisis, includes natural disasters like floods, earthquakes, or hurricanes
- What are authoritative interventions?
- designed to assess person's health status and promote problem-solving
- What are facilitative interventions?
- aim at dealing with the person's needs for empathetic understanding such as encouraging identification and discussion of feelings
- What is behaviorism?
- focuses on observable behaviors and what one can do externally to bring about behavior changes
- What is maturational crisis?
- predictable events in the normal course of life such as leaving home for the first time, getting married, or having a baby
- Define crisis?
- a turning point in an individual's life that produces an overwhelming emotional response
- Discuss William Glasser and reality therapy?
- focuses on person's behavior and how that behavior keeps him from achieving life goals
- Crisis intervention can be?
- authoritative or facilitative
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