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Glossary of Nonspecific Immunity

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1. List the four steps of phagocytosis and explain what happens in each step.
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1. How does a phagocyte kill a bacterium?
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1. What is vasodilation? Is it important in inflammation? Why or why not?
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1. What promotes vasodilation?
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1. What happens during inflammation? Is this only a nonspecific immune response, or a specific response, too? Explain,
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1. Why are some benefits of a slight fever?
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1. What is interferon?
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1. Is interferon virus specific? Is it species specific?
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1. Are lymphocytes involved in the nonspecific immune system? Eosinophils? Basophils? PMNs? Monocytes?
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15. Fixed macrophages make up the ______________ system.
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14. What is the difference between a wandering macrophage and a histiocyte?
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13. What is the role of macrophages in nonspecific immunity? In specific immunity?
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12. What is a PMN?
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11. What is a leukocyte?
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10. What cells are professional phagocytes?
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9. What cells are agranulocytes?
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8. What are the three categories of granulocytes?
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7. Why don't bacteria grow in our eyes?
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6. What does lysozyme do?
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5. List five places in the body where lysozyme is found.
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4. What is sebum? What role does it play in immunity?
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3. What cells are involved in the third line of defense? Is this defense specific or nonspecific?
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2. What makes up the first line of defense? The second line of defense? The third line of defense?
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1. How does nonspecific immunity differ from specific immunity?
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