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Glossary of New Chinese words from Grammar Lesson 65

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成语
idiom
an ancient wind instrument
滥竽充数
to fill/be taken on for a post without any real qualifications
时期
period, era
乐器
musical instrument
一齐
in unison, together
美妙
melodious, wonderful
乐曲
music
入迷
to be enchanted, fascinated
能手
dab-hand, expert
在座
to be present
任何
any
whichever, whatever
bad
沉着
calm, composed
only, exclusively
to choose, pick
to throw
根本
at all (with negatives)
to mix, mingle
人群
crowd
to die
国王
king
合奏
instrumental ensemble
独奏
solo (musical)
to scare, frighten
偷偷
secretly, stealthily
to sneak (away)
自相矛盾
to contradict oneself
矛盾
to contradict
contradictory
从前
in the past
spear
shield
为了
so that, in order to
招揽
to recruit
顾客
customer
to pierce, stab
叫卖
to cry one's wares, to peddle
to look
坚固
sturdy, strong
锋利
sharp (written only)
可笑
ridiculous
mw: words, speeches
无论
no matter
无比
incomparable
夸口
to boast, talk big
其中
among them, of which
既然
since, now that
战国
Warring States
齐王
king of the state of Qi
南郭先生
Mr. Nanguo
to play (string instruments with a bow)
to play (wind instruments)
钢琴
piano
狗脑子
forgetful
提琴
violin
打折
to sell sth at a discount
素质
quality (of a person)
扔下
to cast aside
sharp (spoken)
经济
economy
新疆
Xinjiang
流行
popular
流行病
epidemic disease
哑巴
a mute person
初生牛犊不怕虎
Young people are fearless/reckless
保密
to keep a secret
白头偕老
to live in conjugal bliss until a ripe old age
sword
to cut, carve, engrave
记号(儿)
mark
刻舟求剑
stupid
世外桃源
land of milk and honey
桃花
peach blossom
上游
upper reaches of a river
...折
...per cent
cave
光亮
bright, shiny
平坦
flat, even, smooth
水池
pond
许多
many, much, lots of
田地
farmland
吃惊
to be startled, taken aback
祖先
ancestors
躲避
to hide from, avoid
劳动
to do physical labour
隔绝
completely cut off, islolated
沿
along
政府
government
立刻
immediately
比喻
figure of speech
结构
structure
composition
construction
固定
fixed, regular
完整
intact, complete
integrated
组成
to consist/be composed of
活泼
lively, vivacious
破财免灾
If you lose something you will escape further misfortune
免除
to avoid, prevent
to excuse, exempt
灾害
calamity, disaster
车祸
road traffic accident

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