Glossary of Neuropsych (RAM)
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- What are the two divisions of the Nervous System, and what do they include?
- Central nervous system (CNS -- includes brain and spinal cord) and Peripheral Nervous System (PNS--includes cranial nerves, spinal nerves and peripheral ganglia)
- What are the two main subdivisions of the PNS, and what do they control?
- (1) Somatic Nervous System -- voluntary motor movement of skeletal muscles and (2) Autonomic Nervous System -- automatic bodily functions...smooth muscles and glands
- What are the two subsystems of the Autonomic Nervous System and what do they control
- (1) Sympathetic Nervous system -- fight or flight related functions (i.e increased hr, breathing etc..) and (2) Parasympathetic Nervouse system -- energy conserving (relaxing) functions such as slowed hr, bp, breathing, and increasing digestion & elimination
- What is/causes quadriplegia?
- All four limbs paralyzed -- caused by severing of spinal cord between C1 and C5
- What is/causes paraplegia?
- Paralyzed legs -- caused by severing of spinal cord at T1 or below
- What is/causes hemiplegia?
- Paralysis of 1/2 of the body (right OR left side)
- What is/causes paresis?
- limb weakness, happens when spinal cord damaged but not severed, reflexes still intact
- What happens if the spinal cord is severed at C6 or C7?
- paraplegia and partial paralysis of arms
- Name the four lobes of the cerebrum and their functions
- Frontal lobes -- Executive functions, Motor activity, personality
Parietal Lobes-somatasensory info,
Temporal Lobes -- auditory processing, emotional behavior and memory
Occipital Lobe -- vision
- What does the left vs. right hemisphere govern?
- Left -- language, analytical/logical thinking, abstract thinking
Right -- visual/spatial, artistic, musical perceptual, intuition
- What is and what causes Gerstmann's syndrome?
- lesions of the dominant parietal lobe
AADA: includes agraphia, acalculia, right-left disorientation and finger agnosia
- What is the function of the Thalamus?
- Relay Center -- integrates info from all the senses except smell and projects to appropriate areas
- What is the function of the hypothalamus?
- THE FIVE F's: Homeostasis -- regulating endocrine system i.e. fever (temperature), feeding (hunger & thirst), fornicating (sex), fighting (aggression), and and falling asleep (sleep/wake cycle)
- What is the function of the pituitary?
- normal and abnormal growth, as well as influencing other endocrine glands
- What is the function of the Limbic System?
- Emotiona behavior (i.e. aggression0
- What's included in the Limbic system?
- hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, septum, parts of the thalamus, parts of frontal and temporal lobes
- What is Kluver-Bucy syndrome and what causes it?
- damage to teh amygdala causes placidity, apathy, hypersexuality, and agnosias
- What happens when the septum is damaged?
- Septal Rage
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