Glossary of Neurological- Crainial nerves
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- Which nerve allows you to see?
- 2-Optic nerve
- Stick out your tongue and move it side to side. What nerve allows you to do this?
- XII Hypoglossal
- Which nerve allows smell?
- I Olfactory
- Which nerve allows hearing?
- VIII vestibulocochlear
- Turn your head from side to side and shrug your shoulders. Which nerve is intact to be able to do this?
- XI Spinal Accessory
- Nerves responsible for taste and swallowing?
- IX Glossopharyngeal
- Nerve responsible for coughing?
- X Vagus
- Nerves responsible for pupil dilation and eye movement?
- III Oculomotor
- Nerve responsible for chewing?
- V Trigeminal
- Best way to assess for aspiration would be:
a. Check the cheeks for pocketed food
b. Auscultate the lungs
c. Count the respiratory rate
d. Have the client deep breathe and cough
- B. Auscultate the lungs
- I: Olfactory
- Sensory; smell
- II: Optic
- Sensory; vision
- III: Oculomotor
- Motor to eye muscles; eye movement via medial and lateral rectus and inferior oblique and superior rectus muscles and lid elevation via the levator muscle
Parasympathetic-motor; pupil constriction
- IV: Trochlear
- Motor; eye movement via superior oblique muscles
- V: Trigeminal
- Sensory; Sensation from skin of face and scalp and mucous membranes of mouth and nose
Motor; muscles of chewing
- VII: Facial
- Sensory; Pain and temperature from ear area; deep sensations from the face; taste from anterior tow thirds of the tongue
Motor; Muscles of the face and scalp
Parasympathetic-motor; Lacrimal, submandibular, and sublingual salivary glands
- VII: Vestibulocochlear
- Sensory; hearing and equilibrium
- IX: Glossopharyngeal
- Sensory; Pain and temp from ear; taste and sensations from posterior one third of tongue and pharynx
Motor; skeletal muscles of throat
Parasympathetic-motor; parotid glands
- X: Vagus
- Sensory; Pain and temp from ear; sensations from pharynx, larynx, thoracic and abdominal viscera
Motor; Muscles of the soft palate, larynx and pharynx
Parasypathetic-motor; Thoracici and abdominal viscera; cells of secretory glands; cardiac and smooth muscle innervation to the level of the splenic flexure
- XI: Accessory
- Motor; Skeletal muscles of the pharynx and larynx and sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles
- XII: Hypoglossal
- Motor; Skeletal muscles of the tongue
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