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Glossary of Neurologic system, PNS

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bundle of neuron processes in the PNS
nerve
peripheral nerves that arise from the brain
cranial nerves
peripheral nerves that arise from the spine
spinal nerves
mnemonic for 12 cranial nerves
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twelve cranial nerves in order
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
trochlear
trigeminal
abducens
facial
vestibulocochlear
glossopharyngeal
vagus
accessory
hypoglossal
sensory cranial nerves
I olfactory - smell
II optic - vision
V trigenminal - general sensation
VII facial - taste
VIII vestibulocochlear - hearing/balance
IX glossopharyngeal - taste
X vagus - taste
motor cranial nerves
all but I, II, VIII
parasympathetic cranial nerves
III, VII, IX, X
cranial nerve I
olfactory - smell
cranial nerve II
optic - vision
cranial nerve III
oculomotor - move eye, pupillary reflex
cranial nerve IV
trochlear - move eye
cranial nerve V
trigeminal - motor and sensory for face, chewing
cranial nerve VI
abducens - move eye
cranial nerve VII
facial - expression, lacrimal and salivary glands, anterior taste buds
cranial nerve VIII
vestibulocochlear - hearing and balance
cranial nerve IX
glossopharyngeal - gag/swallow, salivary glands, posterior taste, carotid baroreceptors
cranial nerve X
vagus - gag/swallow, viscera
cranial nerve XI
accessory - shoulders, throat
cranial nerve XII
hypoglossal - tongue
mnemonic for function of cranial nerves
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bundles of nerve fibers
fascicles
nerves C5 - T1 (arm, wrist, hand)
brachial plexus
nerves L2 - L4 (anterior body)
lumbar plexus
nerves L5 - S5 (posterior body)
sacral plexus
specific areas of skin innervation
dermatomes
nerves C1 - C5
cervical plexus
nerves C3 - C5
phrenic nerve (diaphragm)

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