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Glossary of Neurologic Flashcards

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Inability to speak clearly because of neurologic damage that impairs normal muscle control
dysarthria
partial inability to initiate coordinated voluntary movement
dyspraxia
swallowing difficulty
dysphagia
paralysis of one side of the body
hemiplegia
unable to feel; touch, pain or pressure
sensory impairment
Pt. doesn't recognise one side of their body as belonging to them. (most common in R-Hemi damage)
unilateral neglect
perceptual problem that involves loss of one side of vision field (occurs on same side in both eyes)
homonymous hemianopsia
speech impaired to the point that the person has alsmost no ability to communicate
aphasia
difficulty initiating speech
nonfluent aphasia
difficulty speaking or writing words
expressive aphasia
difficulty understanding spoken or written words
receptive aphasia
the part of the brain that controls the left side of the body
right hemisphere
the part of the brain that controls the right side of the body
left hemisphere
the part of the brain that controls vital basic functions, respirations, heart rate, and consciousness
Brain stem
a folded layer of nerve cells that covers each hemisphere of the brain
cortex

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