Glossary of Navy Exam 1
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- Distinguish between privateering and pirating.
- Privateering was authorized pirating by government for the benefit of the government, pirating was arbitrary for personal gain.
- How many ships did Congress first order to be built and what was their class?
- 13 frigates were ordered to be built.
- What is a frigate?
- Ship-rigged, flush-decked, mounted between 32 and 44 guns. “Cruisers of the 18th century”
- How many of the 13 original ships survive?
- What were the first three states that authorized state navies?
- Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachussetts
- What was the motto of the first navy jack?
- Don't Tread on Me
- Who was the famous Colonel who fought on Lake Champlain? (He later defected to the British)
- Benedict Arnold
- Name two of the American colonies' allies.
- France and Spain
- What was the first country to recognize America as a sovereign country?
- Who was the first famous privateer who took the war into British waters and is now buried at the United States Naval Academy?
- John Paul Jones
- What was the name of the battle where Jones fought in which he spoke the famous line, "I have not yet begun to fight!"
- Battle of Flamborough Head
- What were the names of the two ships that fought in this battle and which countries were they from?
- British: Serapis
American: Bonhomme Richard
- Which ship survived?
- Why was the British bombardment of Ft. Moultrie on Sullivan's Island unsuccessful?
- The fort was made of palmetto logs which absorbed the cannon fire.
- What four entities came together at the Battle of the Yorktown?
- American army, British army, French army, French Navy
- Who were the leaders of each?
- American: Washington
French army: Rochambeau
French navy: de Grasse
- How many distant stations were there and where were they located?
East India, West India, Pacific, Brazil, Africa, Mediterranean
- What was the most important port on the Mexican Gulf Coast during the war?
- Vera Cruz.
- What was the main purpose of the Wilkes expedition?
- Scientific and exploring expedition
- Where was the largest amphibious landing in history (at the time)?
- Vera Cruz
- During the Industrial Revolution what changes were made in propulsion, armor, and weapons?
- Steam powered ships, iron armored ships, new cannons, solid shot charges
- What was the first 'modern' warship?
- HMS Warrior
- Who was John Dohlgren?
- father of modern ordnance
- What was the Peacemaker?
- a new type of canon
- What were the main objectives of Perry's mission to Japan?
- - protect American seaman who were shipwrecked or driven into Japanese ports by bad weather
- establishment of American coaling and supply stations in two Japanese ports
- American vessels allowed to enter Japanese ports for trade
- Was Perry succesful?
- What was the name of Perry's flagship during his mission to Japan?
- USS Mississippi
- Why was Vera Cruz considered the most important port in Mexico during the Mexican War?
- Once Vera Cruz was taken it was a straight shot to Mexico City
- Describe the term paper blockade and its relevance to the American Civil War.
- Confederate diplomats tried to convince British leaders that the Union blockade in 1861-1862 was so leaky that under international law it should be considered a "paper blockade" and therefore illegitimate.
- The Union forces used the Anaconda Plan to try and cut the Confederacy in half geographically.
- The CSA Monitor and USS Merrimack were the two major ironclads involved in the battle of Hampton Roads.
- The Civil War broke out where?
- Gettysburg, PA
- Which Union ship did the CSS Hunley succesfully sink?
- USS Housatonic
- The Confederacy employed which of the following devices?
- torpedoes; submarines; mines; mortar boats
- Commodore DuPont, Union Forces, successfully attacked where?
- Siege of Charleston
- What were the technological legacies of the Civil War?
- Industrialization (transport of armies and navies)
- The title of Mahan's first book was?
- The influence of sea power upon history
- According to Mahan what is a navy's function?
- Command of the seas
- At the battle of Manila bay what happened to the Spanish ships?
- All Spanish warships were burned, sunk, or abandoned
- According to Mahan, how should a navy be deployed?
- Battle Fleets
- According to Mahan, where should the coaling stations needed to support the navy be established?
- Near geographic "choke-points"
- Mahan's first book was based on lecture notes?
- Theodore Roosevelt was at one point Assistant Secretary of the Navy?
- What is the difference between sea power and sea force?
- Sea power is what the sea has to offer, sea force is what you use to gain power.
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