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Glossary of Naming Organic Compounds

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meth-
1
eth-
2
prop-
3
but-
4
pent-
5
hex-
6
hept-
7
oct-
8
non-
9
dec-
10
undec-
11
dodec-
12
-ane
single bond
-ene
double bond
-yne
triple bond
di-
2
gly-
sweet
iso-
equal
lip-
fat
poly-
many
syn-
together
Alcohol formula
R-OH
Aldehyde formula
R=O
\
H
Amine formula
R-NH2
Carboxylic Acid formula
R=O
\
OH
Ester formula
R=O
\
O-R
-ol
Alcohol (-OH anywhere)
cyclo-
carbon circle
-al
Aldehyde (-CHO end)
-one
Ketone (=O anywhere)
-oate
Ester (-C=O
\
O-CH3)
phenyl-
benzene ring
-oic acid
Carboxcylic acid (C=O
\
OH)
-amine
Amine (C-NH2)
Ether formula
C-O-C
-thiol formula
-SH

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