Glossary of NUR 223

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Must ausculatate before palpating.
the abdomen
Block the release of angiotensin; relax the blood vessels
Ace inhibitors
Ethnic group with highest incidence of hypertension
African American
Procedure done involving injection of dye to detect blockages or lesions in coronary arteries
Procedure done involving insertion of a catheter into a large vein in order to insert a balloon to open up a blocked coronary artery
Type of stockings used to prevent complications of DVT
Anti-embolism stockings
Antihypertensive medications that should not be given to asthma patients
Beta blockers
Name of the reflex which controls blood pressure
Sound heard over a blood vessel caused by turbulent blood flow
Drugs that work on smooth muscles, cause the blood vessels to relax and are often used to treat fast heart rhythms
calcium channel blockers
Type of circulation created distal to a blocked artery
Name of the arteries that supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients
Name of the pathway that causes a heartbeat to be generated
Name of the drug listed in the class of antihypertensives called carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Name of the drug listed in the cardiac glycoside class that causes the heart to increase its force of contraction and cardiac output
Relaxation of the heart chambers
Contraction of the heart chambes
Coronary artery that supplies the left atrium, left ventricle and some of the back of the heart
Left circumflex
Most important feature of cardiac output
ejection fraction
Class of antihypertensive drugs that may cause potassium levels to decrease
Condition caused when BP is greater than 180/120; may cause target organ damage if not treated within one hour
hypertensive emergency
Type of imaging done which involves the injection of radioactive contrast
radioisotope imaging
Sound produced by inflammation
of the heart; sounds like sandpaper being rubbed together
friction rub
Part of the circulation that drains the blood from the abdominal organs
hepatic portal
Type of hypertension that has no cause
Type of hypertension that is caused by the presence of other diseases
How a person looks
general appearance
Part of the nursing assessment involving information obtained from the patient
Location of the heart
Behind the mediastinum
Name of the organization that makes recommendations for blood pressure management
Joint National Commission on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure
Type of diuretic used to lower high blood pressure in the brain
Pump activated when the cardiac cells receive impulses from the SNS
sodium potassium pump
Process by which the heart responds to electrical impulses
action potential
Type of test where a patient walks on an incline and a technician looks for heart rhythm abnormalities
exercise treadmill
Instrument that reads the oxygen dissolved in the capillaries of the fingertip
pulse oximetry
Portable device that a patient wears at home, pushes a button when feeling palpitations or chest pain, and records daily activities
Holter monitor
Test done to look at the function of the heart; involves using a probe and transferring the picture onto a screen
A procedure used to look at the esophagus and the back part of the heart without interference from the lungs and ribs
transesophageal echocardiogram
Test where a patient must lay on her/his back with arms overhead for 30 minutes
radioisotope imaging
Blood test that is specific for the detection of MI's in most people, unless they have renal failure
Test used to detect blocked coronary arteries; involves injecting dye through a catheter in the large vein of an extremity
cardiac catheterization
Procedure done to remove plaque from the coronary arteries
Procedure done where a new vessel creates a detour around a blocked vessel
Device used to open blocked arteries; may cause bacteria and blood clot formation
Patients that have transplants must take these type of medications

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