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Glossary of Musical Terms

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pianissimo
(pp) very softly
furioso
furiously
agitato
agitated; rapid
sforzando
forces; with emphasis
brillante
with spirit; brilliantly
allegro
rapid; lively
animato
spirited
forte
(f) loud
dolce
sweetly
appassionato
intensely passionate; with deep feeling
andante
moderately slow, but moving
staccato
detached; separated
soli
more than one performer in unison
meno
less
cantabile
singing
piano
(p) softly
poco
a little
rallentando
(rall.) gradually slower
opus
musical work or composition
moto
motion; movement
moderato
moderately
con spirito
with spirit
crescendo
gradually louder (<)
legato
smooth and connected
dimenuendo
gradually softer (>)
largo
very slow
energico
energetically
accelerando
gradually faster
con
with
a tempo
return to original speed
chromatic
by semi-tones
rubato
temporary irregularity of time
marcia
march-style
mezzo
medium; half
l'istesso
the smae (l'istesso tempo=the same tempo)
molto
very
scherzo
playfully
fortissimo
(ff) very loud
valse
waltz
grandioso
grand or noble style
etude
study
giocoso
joyfully
grave
very solemn and slow
maestoso
majestically
religioso
in solemn style
non troppo
not too much
ottava
(8va) octave
presto
very fast
tempo
time; speed
solo
a composition or passage for one performer
sempre
always
simile
the same

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