Glossary of Music Memory Set 1 - 2007

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Who composed Hary Janos Suite: "Viennese Musical Clock"?
Zoltan Kodaly (1862-1967)
What country was Kodaly from?
Kodaly's use of traditional Hungarian _____ ______ in his compositions was at first rejected by socialites in Hungary (who spoke German).
folk music
Kodaly is famous for developing what?
the Kodaly concept of teaching music
What form (of song) is Hary Janos Suite: "Viennese Musical Clock" ?
It is RONDO form
What song is about someone visiting the Imperial Palace in Vienna?
Hary Janos Suite "Viennese Musical Clock"
What year did the folk opera Hary Janos premier?
Who composed "Non nonbis domine"?
William Byrd (1542-1623)
What is the language and what is the form of song for "non nobis domine"?

What do the words to "non nobis domine" mean in English?
"not to us Lord"
(but to your name is glory given)
For what purpose was "non nobis domine" probably written?
As a piece to be enjoyed by a group of singers - people during the Renaissance often sang and played instruments as a form of entertainment.
Which composers work was admired by Queen Elizabeth I who kept him in a position in the Chapel Royal?
William Byrd
Which composer fled London to escape persecution for being Catholic?
William Byrd
Which composer continued to compose music in Latin even after English replaced Latin as the official church language in England?
William Byrd
what does a cappella mean?
unaccompanied singing
What does and "form" mean?
the pattern in which elements and sections of a musical piece are organized
What does "rondo" mean?
a musical form in which a main theme returns after each contrasting section
What is a "steady beat"?
steady pulse underlying the music
What is "strong beat"?
the beat or pulse with stronger emphasis in each measure or group
What does "a cappella" mean?
unaccompanied singing
what is a "cannon"?
a musical composition in which the parts imitate each other - a melody that can be set against itself to create harmony
What is "harmony"?
two or more pitches sounded simultaneously
What is "melodic direction"?
the direction of pitches ina melody - upward, downward, or staying the same
What is a "round"?
a kind of canon with entrances at regular intervals, and exact repetitions of the melody
What is a "waltz"?
a dance that moves in sets of three (3/4 or triple meter)
What is "meter"?
the grouping of beats in a piece of music, with emphasis on the first beat of each group
What is "conductor"?
the person who leads a performing group
What does "accelerando" mean?
gradual increase in tempo
What does "retard" mean?
gradual slowing of tempo
Who are the three Bs?
Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms
Who wrote "Waltz in Ab Major, Op.39, No. 15"?
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
Which composer is famous for a lullaby that he wrote?
Johannes Brahms
Which composer took 15 years to compose his first symphony and was a favorite of the Romantic period?
Johannes Brahms
Which composer was the first great musician to have his voice recorded by Thomas Edison in 1889?
Johannes Brahms
Which waltz was originally written for 4 hands at the piano?
Waltz in Ab Major, Op. 39, No. 15
Who wrote "Symphony No. 5: 1st Movement"?
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
What song was used as a musical symbol for victory during WWII because the four-note theme (short, short, short, long) translates in Morse code to "V"?
Symphony No. 5: 1st Movement by Beethoven
Why did Beethoven only hear his 5th symphony in his head?
He was completely deaf at the time of its composition
Where was Beethoven born?
Bonn, Germany
What is a "symphony?"
a large work for orchestra, ususally in four movements
What are the sections of a sonata-allegro form?
Introduction, Exposition, DevelRopment, Recapitulation,
What is a "theme"?
the main idea of a selection. There can be more than one theme. (A motive is an even smaller idea that goes toward making up the theme)
Who wrote "Cello Suite No. 1 in G Major: Prelude"?
Johann Sebastian Bach (1675-1750)
What country was Bach from?
What other instruments have Bachs cello suites been transcribed for?
violin, viola, guitar, trombone, and others!
What breaks up the constant sixteenth note pattern in "Cello Suite No. 1 in G Major: Prelude" - exactly half-way through the piece?
a high pitch held with a fermata
Which composer was a church organist and choirmaster, composing music for each Sunday service for many years?
Johann Sebastian Bach
Which composer had twenty children, several of which became well-known musicians and composers?
Johann Sebastian Bach
What is a "cello"?
A low sounding string instrument
What is a fermata? (looks like a "birds-eye"?
a musical symbol that means to sustain the tone longer than the note indicates
What is a "prelude"?
a piece that comes at the beginning, or a short musical composition often forming part of a set of such works
Who wrote "Symphony No. 1: Finale" ?
Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953
What country was Prokofiev from?
What famous piece for children did Prokofiev write?
Peter and the Wolf
Which selection is composed in the classical style with more modern harmonies, orchestration, and dynamics?
Prokofiev's "Symphony No. 1: Finale"
What are the parts of the basic sonata form?
(1) exposition (usually repeated) (2) development and (3) recapitulation
What is "exposition"?
the first part of a composition in sonata form that introduces the themes
What is "development"?
the central section of a movement in sonata form, in which the theme is elaborated and explored
What is "recapitulation"?
restatement or reworking of the exposition, constituting the third and final section of the typical sonata form
Who wrote The Magic Flute: "Pa-Pa-Pa-Papageno"?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
Which selection is from a German singspiel (or play with music)
Mozart's The Magic Flute: "Pa-Pa-Pa-Papageno"
Where was Mozart from?
Salzburg, Austria
Which composer was playing piano at age 3, composing symphonies and sonatas at 5, and composed his first opera at 11?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Which selection is about a "bird catcher" and his lady love?
The Magic Flute: 'Pa-Pa-Pa-Papageno"
What does "a tempo" mean?
to return to the original tempo
What does "baritone" mean?
a middle range man's voice
what does "duet" mean?
two voices or instrumental parts performing together
what does "opera" mean?
dramatic storytelling that combines words and music
What does "Rit." mean?
abbreviation for ritardando, symbol for gradually slow down
What does "soprano" mean?
a high woman's voice
what does "texture" mean?
music sound created by tones or lines played or sung together, described as thin or thick
Who wrote "Watz in C# minor, Op. 64, No. 2"?
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
Which composer was born in Poland, but later moved to France where he did most of his work?
Frederic Chopin
Which composer wrote some of the most performed pisno compositions of all times?
Which composer reach almost "rock star" fame because of his brilliant playing and flamoyant personality?
Which selection has three themes and both major and minor sections in a waltz?
Chopin's "Watz in C# Minor, Op. 4, No. 2"
What is a "solo"?
a musical piece performed y one indivicual
WHen was the Romantic Period?
What does "rubato" mean?
taking freedom with the tempo

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