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Glossary of Music Italian Terms -P

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maestoso
majestically
andante
a walking pace
forte, f
loud
fortissimo
very loud
con pedale
with pedal
dal segno, D.S.
from the sign
larghetto
slow, but not as slow as largo
marcato
marked or stressed
pianissimo, pp
very soft
andantino
fairly slow, but not as slow as andante
diminuendo
gradually getting softer
mano sinistra, M.S.
left hand
stacatto
sharply detached
crescendo
gradually getting louder
cantabile
in a singing style
lento
slow
adagio
a slow tempo, slower than andante, but not as slow as largo
mezzo piano
medium soft
tempo primo (tempo 1)
return to the original tempo
dolce
sweetly
legato
smoothly
ritardando
slowing down gradually
mezzo forte
medium loud
mano destra, M.D.
right hand
ottava, 8va
the interval of an octave
prestissimo
as fast as possible
moderato
a moderate tempo
presto
very fast
piano, p
soft
a tempo
return to the original tempo
allegro
quick and lively
rallentando, rall
slowing down
allegretto
fairly fast, a little slower than allegro
decrescendo
gradually getting softer
tempo
speed of the beat of music
da capo, D.C.
from the beginning
fine
the end
grazioso
graceful

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