Glossary of Music History Test Baroque and Classical

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Basso continuo
bass line serving as a foundation for harmony in the Baroque period, Monteverdi's L'orfeo (1607)
a strophic song or songful monologue or duet in an opera, Giulio Caesare "V'adoro pupille" (1724)
singable, ex. Don Giovanni (make sure it's pretty)
resolution of a conflict in operatic work, Don Giovanni Mozart (1789) "Madamina"
the beginning of sonata form where primary and secondary themes are introduced with a transition in between, either goes to V or III if minor), then Klosing, repeated:|| Mozart Symphony No. 40
a conflict that needs to be resolved, Don Giovanni, Mozart "Introduzione"
last part of sonata that restates the themes, cannot change key, Mozart Symphony No. 40
jesting, lively movement (usually) that evolved from the minuet and is organized in ternary form, Beethoven 5th Symphony 3rd movement
sonata cycle
multimovement piece, generally 4, where first movement must be in sonata form, second and third - one is slow, the other is a minuet and trio, fourth is sonata form or theme and variations, Mozart Symphony No. 40
theme and variations
musical subject + variations 2nd mvt Haydn Symphony No. 94
transverse flute
baroque flute constructed to play in D major, ex. Mozart Flute Concerto no. 2 in D
minuet and trio
minuet-trio-minuet, ternary form Mozart 40
Italian librettist who wrote for L'orfeo 1607
ABA, 3rd Movement of Mozart 40, minuet and trio is good example
darkness to light
a technique used a lot by Beethoven by making the low piano register dark and the upper light, also the structure of Beethoven's 5th (trombones are the light)
a pair of musical statements that compliment one another rhythmically and harmonically (can be similar, parallel, or contrasting)
viola de gamba
a stringed baroque instrument with frets
the second part of sonata form which modulates and uses various fragments of the themes, ends in V so that I can happen in recap
last part of sonata form that resembles Exposition except it must stay in the tonic key
medial casura
the pause between the first and second theme in sonata form
rounded binary
a:||:ba:||, ex. ?
Sturm and Drang
storm and stress, describes German literature that contains gloomy, terrified, and irrational feelings. Beethoven 5th
Nathum Tate
wrote libretto for Dido and Aeneas
early center for the growth of the symphony, Stamitz gathered an orchestra here,
librettist for JC
idiomatic writing/playing
uses the characteristics of an instrument or texture to arouse an emotion, Beethoven 5th, trombones

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