Glossary of Music Chapter 1

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Bar Lines
Tge vertical lines that extend from the first to the fifth line of a staff.
A continuos flow of regular pulses, forming the basis of meter. Beats may follow one another at a slow, moderate or fast rate.
Any combination of three or more simultaneously sounding pitches.
Common time
A name applies to the 4-4 meter, often notated with a symbol (C) in the place of a 4-4 time signature
A description of the seven pitches per octive that form the scale for a given major or natural minor key.
Double Bar
Two vertical lines, the second of which is thicker than the first which appear at the end of a composition
Harmonic Minor Scale
A varient of the natural minor scale in which the raised seventh scale degree (leading tone) takes the place of the diatonic seventh scale degree (subtonic)
Exchanging the positions of a simple interval's two comonent pitches, so that the lower pitch becomes the higher pitch.
Ledger Lines
A short horizontal line that serves as a temporary extension of the staff
an interval quality applies to seconds, thirds, sixths, sevenths and their compounds. Major intervals are a half step larger than minor intervals
Each of the groupings of beats in a specific meter, set off in staff notation by bar lines.
Melodic minor scale
A variant of the natural minor scale in which the sixth and seventh scale degrees are raised in the ascent and diatonic in the descent
The segmenting of uniform pulses into groups and the organization of the pulses within each group into strong and weak beats
A triad quality. A minor triad has a minor thrid between its root and third and a perfect fifth between its root and fifth.
A musical sound named according to its position within a range from low to high
how music unfolds over time, notated in relation to the underlineing pilse of a meter
The loweest pitch of a triad
the standard format for score notation consisting of a set of five evenly spaces horizontal lines
the speed at which the beats of the meter follow one another
Time signature
a symbol such as 4-4 or 6-8 that appears near the left edge of the staff to indicate the meter
the most stable pitch of a key, serbing as the first and last pitches of its scale and the triad whose root is the first scale degree of the prevaling key.
Teble cleff
a symbol used in the notation of pitches in the middle to high range on a staff

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