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Glossary of Music Business Chapter 1

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hook
song: memorable melodic phrase
advertising: campaign slogan or concept
leadsheet
music manuscript containing a song's melody, text and chord symbols
mechanicals
royalies paid by a record manufacturer to the owner of a music copyright
performance royalties
payment for the broadcast or performance of a writer or composer's work
synchronization rights
the right to use music in such a way that it is timed to synchronize with, or relate to, action on film or video.
blanket license
For an annual fee, radio and television stations, public broadcasters, cable stations, universities, restaurants, programmed music services, etc. can acquire a “blanket license” from a performing rights organization such as BMI. This license gives them the right to perform every piece of music contained in the respective repertoire as often as they wish during the term of the license.
exploit
to promote, advertise, publiccize, display, distribute and advance an artist or a property
controlled composition
A composition written or co-written by the recording artist (and sometimes the producer per the artist contract) under an exclusive recording agreement.
work for hire
a person creates a copyrightable work but does not own it. The Copyright Act allows for the copyright to go not to the creator but to the person who hired the creator to make the work. The law treats the creator as if he did not even participate. The employer owns the copyright and it is as if they created the work themselves without any help from the actual creator.
royalty
the payment made (originally to the licensing crown) to the owner of a copyright, patent, trademark or know-how, for the use thereof.
demo
a song is one recorded for reference rather than for release
copyright vs. patent
a copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee (the inventor or assignee) for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which is new, inventive, and useful or industrially applicable.
multitrack
a method of sound recording that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources to create a cohesive whole

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