Glossary of Music App Exam 1

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The metronome was invented in 1816 by
Johann Maelzel
one main melody that is accompanied by chords
Monophonic texture
is a single melodic line without accompaniment
Heterophonic texture
the combining of two or more textures in the same
Polyphonic texture
is two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest performed
at the same time
After 1150 A. D. the center of polyphonic music was
Paris at the Cathedral of Notre
Dame (1163).
The first notable composers known by name were
Leonin and Perotin.
12th and 13th century music of the Notre Dame School developed
rhythmic notation.
(Measured rhythm) (and pitches).
Guillaume de Machaut was the foremost French composer of the 14th century called
"new art" (ars nova)
The five sections of the Mass Ordinary are
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly
Renaissance choral music did not use instrumental accompaniment and is sometimes
known as the
Golden Age of A Cappella.
The two main forms of Sacred Renaissance music are the
Motet and Mass.
was the most important late Renaissance sacred composer
An important secular vocal music of the Renaissance was the Madrigal
Set to a short
poem, usually about love, for several solo voices, combining homophonic and polyphonic
texture in the vernacular language and uses word painting.
The Baroque period can be divided into three
1600 - 1640
1640 - 1680
1680 - 1750
Characteristic of Baroque music is Basso continuo - two instruments, a keyboard and
low melody instrument, like cello or bassoon which accompany a speechlike melody
characterized as
secco recitative
Opera was born in Italy around
A recitative leads into
arias and is a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch
fluctuations of speech.
A Concerto Grosso is
a baroque instrumental work of several movements that contrast
in tempo. It features a solo group pitted against a larger group
The form of the first and last movements of the Concerto Grosso is often
Trio Sonata has three melodic lines
two high ones and one lower one played by two
Classical music refers to music written in the style common in the last quarter of the
18th century
The sequence of movements of a symphony are:

For the
concerto they are:
fast, slow, dance like, fast.

fast, slow, fast.
The Cadenza is an unaccompanied showpiece in the _______ of the classical
_________, coming at the end of the ___________.
first movement
Beethoven's only opera is entitled

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