Glossary of Music App Exam 1
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- The metronome was invented in 1816 by
- Johann Maelzel
- one main melody that is accompanied by chords
- Monophonic texture
- is a single melodic line without accompaniment
- Heterophonic texture
- the combining of two or more textures in the same
- Polyphonic texture
- is two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest performed
at the same time
- After 1150 A. D. the center of polyphonic music was
- Paris at the Cathedral of Notre
- The first notable composers known by name were
- Leonin and Perotin.
- 12th and 13th century music of the Notre Dame School developed
- rhythmic notation.
(Measured rhythm) (and pitches).
- Guillaume de Machaut was the foremost French composer of the 14th century called
- "new art" (ars nova)
- The five sections of the Mass Ordinary are
- Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
- The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly
- Renaissance choral music did not use instrumental accompaniment and is sometimes
known as the
- Golden Age of A Cappella.
- The two main forms of Sacred Renaissance music are the
- Motet and Mass.
- was the most important late Renaissance sacred composer
- An important secular vocal music of the Renaissance was the Madrigal
- Set to a short
poem, usually about love, for several solo voices, combining homophonic and polyphonic
texture in the vernacular language and uses word painting.
- The Baroque period can be divided into three
- 1600 - 1640
1640 - 1680
1680 - 1750
- Characteristic of Baroque music is Basso continuo - two instruments, a keyboard and
low melody instrument, like cello or bassoon which accompany a speechlike melody
- secco recitative
- Opera was born in Italy around
- A recitative leads into
- arias and is a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch
fluctuations of speech.
- A Concerto Grosso is
- a baroque instrumental work of several movements that contrast
in tempo. It features a solo group pitted against a larger group
- The form of the first and last movements of the Concerto Grosso is often
- Trio Sonata has three melodic lines
- two high ones and one lower one played by two
- Classical music refers to music written in the style common in the last quarter of the
- 18th century
- The sequence of movements of a symphony are:
concerto they are:
- fast, slow, dance like, fast.
fast, slow, fast.
- The Cadenza is an unaccompanied showpiece in the _______ of the classical
_________, coming at the end of the ___________.
- first movement
- Beethoven's only opera is entitled
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