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Glossary of Music 5A Chapter 5

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Periodic (regularly occurring) duration that underlies a piece of music
Beat
The rate of the beat (beats per second)
Tempo
Stress (emphasis) given to a note or other musical element that brings it to the listener's attention
Accent
An accented beat
Strong beat
An unaccented beat
Weak beat
A periodic pattern of accented and unaccented beats
Meter
One complete occurrence of a meter
Measure
The first of every two beats is strong
Duple meter
The first of every three beats is strong
Triple meter
Strong beats on the first (strongest) and third (second strongest) beats
Quadruple meter
The accent that falls on the first beat of the bar
Metrical accent
A notation that indicates the organization of time w/n a piece of music. The upper value indicates the number of beats per measure and the lower value indicates the note value of the beat (usually)
Time signatures
4/4, 2/4, 2/2 and 3/4. The beats are divided into two units and subdivided into four units. The bottom number indicates the note value of the beat
Simple meter
6/8, 9/8, 12/8, et. The beats are divided into two units and subdivided into four units. The bottom number indicates the note value of the beat
Compound meters
An emphasis on a note achieved by its relatively long duration or by increasing its stress, i.e. playing the note louder than normal (notated with an accent mark)
Rhythmic accent
The presentation of a rhythmic accent at a metrically weak place
Syncopation
A note or series of notes that lead into the first full measure of a musical phrase, as in the first word "Oh" in the song "Home on the Range" Also called a pickup note
Anacrusis
A division of the beat into three equal durations
Triplet

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